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www.catholicherald.co.uk January 22 2010 £1.20 (Republic of Ireland €1.70)
Vatican investigates Pius XII ‘miracle’
Report of miraculous healing emerges day after Benedict XVI’s visit to Rome synagogue
BY SIMON CALDWELL
THE VATICAN is investigating an alleged miracle that could put the wartime pope Pius XII just one step away from canonisation.
An unnamed person in Castellammare di Stabia in southern Italy has claimed to have been healed from cancer after praying to Pope Pius.
The Vatican is keeping secret the identity of the person who claimed to be healed at the intercession of Pius XII. One Italian news outlet said the patient was a man with prostate cancer but another said it was a woman who developed a cancerous tumour when she became pregnant in 2005.
According to one version, the woman’s husband said he began to pray to Pope John Paul II, who had died that year. The man then had a dream that John Paul II asked him to turn to another pope for help, and showed him a picture of Pius XII. The man did as requested and his wife was later cured. Doctors have said they cannot explain what happened scientifically.
After examining the patient’s medical records the Vatican has asked Archbishop Felice Cece of Sorrento to set up a diocesan tribunal to investigate the claims further.
“It is true,” said Fr Carmine Judges, vicar general of the archdiocese. “The Holy See has told us that it has been approached by a faithful of our diocese who claims to have received a miracle through the intercession of Pope Pius XII.
“The archbishop has decided to establish the diocesan tribunal,” he told Italian online magazine Petrus. “Of course caution is in order but after briefly checking the records of the person in Castellammare di Stabia it would seem that a miracle has taken place and that all the elements and conditions exist to beatify the angelic pastor.”
Pope Benedict XVI declared Pius Venerable in December, meaning that the Church recognised that he lived a life of “heroic virtue”. The historical record is still under scrutiny, however, and the Vatican will open its wartime archives in 2013 after it has finished cataloguing millions of documents into thousands of folders
Pope Benedict XVI visits Rome’s main synagogue last Sunday where he reaffirmed the commitment of the Church to dialogue with the Jewish community Photo: CNS
and files. It has doubled its staff to speed up the process.
A beatification ahead of the opening of the archives would be controversial because historians remain divided about whether Pius did enough to save European Jews from the Holocaust.
On Sunday Riccardo Pacifici, the president of Rome’s Jewish community, told the Pope during a visit to Rome’s main synagogue, that “the silence of Pius XII before the Shoah still hurts because something should have been done”.
Dr Edward Kessler, director of the Woolf Institute of Abrahamic Faiths at Cambridge University, predicted that the beatification of Pius XII would cause problems for dialogue between Catholics and Jews.
“There is a general feeling that Benedict XVI is pushing for the beatification of Pius XII,” he said.
“The mainstream Jewish position, and many Catholics involved in Catholic-Jewish dialogue, would see this as problematic not just because of the silence of Pius XII but also because many of the archives have not been opened. It seems hasty. There remain serious questions about Pius’s actions during the Second World War. Clearly, he did some things, but did he do enough and did he do it soon enough?
“There is a general acceptance that this [beatification] is going to happen but for many Catholics and Jews involved in Catholic-Jewish relations it is disturbing.”
But others such as British historian Sir Martin Gilbert, the world’s leading expert on the Holocaust, and Rabbi David Dalin, an American historian, claim that Pius should be considered a “Righteous Gentile” because he saved lives by hiding Jews in the religious houses of Rome.
Gary Krupp, president of Pave the Way Foundation, which is fighting to restore the reputation of Pope Pius, said: “Through our research of documented proof, we discovered that secretly he saved more Jews than all of the world’s religious and political leaders combined. He did this anonymously where no one knew that he acted to save them. In Judaism this is the highest form of charity according to our tradition.” The key to the historical verdict on Pius may rest on his activities of October 16 1943 when the SS began to round up the 8,000 Jews of Rome for deportation. A total of 1,007 Jews were sent to Auschwitz but the remaining 7,000 were hidden in Church institutions.
A total of 477 of these were smuggled into the Vatican and some 3,000 were given shelter in Castel Gandolfo, the Pope’s summer residence near Rome, and provided with kosher food.
Some Jews were equipped with fake baptismal certificates and disguised as priests, while the nuns of one convent gave up their beds to Jewish women.
Documentary evidence has recently emerged to show that the Jews were hidden on the direct but secret orders of the Pope. Avner Shalev, the chairman of Yad Vashem, said last year that such evidence “would certainly result in a significant improvement in our relations with the Vatican”.
Critics, however, say that Pius did not speak out against the deportation of the 1,007 – although his Secretary of State, Cardinal Luigi Maglione, protested vigorously to Ernst von Weizsacker, the German Ambassador.
The captives were taken by train to Mauthausen labour camp in Austria and held there for two days. Then on a direct order from Berlin they were transported to their deaths in Poland.
Historians hope Vatican records will reveal if Cardinal Maglione tried to intervene on the Pope’s instructions or if he acted on his own initiative.
Defenders of Pius have argued that he had no choice but to act prudently or it would have been impossible to save lives. He was also aware of a plan by Adolf Hitler to kidnap and later kill him, and supporters argue that any gesture provoking the Nazis would have resulted in the deaths of Jews hiding in churches.
Hitler’s plot was devised after the pope, in his Christmas message of 1942, lamented those who “solely because of their nation or race have been condemned to death or progressive extinction”, leading the SS to accuse Pius of acting as “the mouthpiece of Jewish war criminals”.
Most evidence in defence of Pius has come from Jewish historians who since the 1960s have established that the Catholic Church saved more lives than all the international agencies put together. The Israeli diplomat Pinchas Lapide estimated that it saved up to 850,000 Jews from death. He based his assessment on Yad Vashem’s records.
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London Oratory to dedicate side chapel to Cardinal Newman
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Cath Herald Jan 2010
BY ANNA ARCO
THE LONDON ORATORY has announced that it will dedicate one of its chapels to Cardinal John Henry Newman to coincide with his beatification.
This is among the first chapels to be dedicated to the convert cardinal who is due to be beatified in September.
The Fathers of the London Oratory hope to have the chapel finished in time for the beatification. The news was announced at Mass last week.
A copy of a 1881 famous portrait by the renowned preRaphaelite painter Sir John Everett Millais, which hangs in the National Portrait Gallery, will hang in the chapel. The chapel itself will take the place of the Cavalry chapel on the left side of the nave facing the altar, behind the statue of St Peter and next to the Lady Chapel.
John Henry Newman founded the first Oratory in Britain in Birmingham in 1849. Britain’s other two Oratories, in London and in Oxford, were founded from Birmingham. Fr Wilfrid Faber, another convert from Anglicanism, who had joined the new Birmingham Oratory, eventually established the London Oratory in 1849.
Newman’s Cause was opened in 1958 and the Congregation for the Causes of Saints declared him Venerable in 1991. The next step in the process required a miracle. Jack Sullivan, a deacon in Massachusetts, prayed for
Cardinal Newman’s intercession while suffering from a debilitating spinal disorder and was inexplicably cured in 2001.
Pope Benedict XVI approved the miracle in July last year, declaring the beatification imminent. It is likely to be the high point of the Pope’s visit to Britain in September and Vatican watchers believe he will himself perform the beatification, departing from norms he set for beatifications in 2005.
Mehmet Ali Agca released from jail
TV presenter says he values Catholic faith
BY MARY WANG
MEHMET ALI AGCA, who shot John Paul II in 1981 and was released from jail this week, is seeking the help of Dan Brown in writing a book about the Vatican.
Mr Agca said before leaving jail on Monday, after serving 19 years for murdering a Left-wing journalist, that he wanted a $5m (£3.1m) contract to write an autobiography and a book called The Vatican Code.
He has reportedly written to Dan Brown, the bestselling author of The Da Vinci Code, asking him to be a ghost writer. Exiting the prison in Ankara, Mr Agca told reporters waiting to speak to him that the world was going to end soon.
“I proclaim the end of the world,” he was quoted as saying. “All the world will be destroyed this century. Every human being will die in this century. I am not God and I am not the Son of God. I am the Christ eternal.”
BY ED WEST
DERMOT O’LEARY has spoken of the importance of his Catholic faith.
The television presenter told the Radio Times that his religion was important to him, but it’s “an underlying thing, not something I like to shout about. I don’t like evangelism and I’ve probably got more in common with a liberal Jew or a liberal Muslim than someone who’d consider themselves a conservative
Catholic.” A former altar boy, Mr O’Leary owns a production company called Ora et Labora
(“pray and work”),
though he says he prefers to
“do the work, then say the prayers afterwards”.
In 2005 he contributed to a book Why I am Still Catholic.
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