Ethicist says that keeping people alive wastes money
JULY 20 2012 THE CATHOLIC HERALD
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NEWS BULLETIN Catholic charities criticise ʻvagueʼ white paper on care THE SOCIAL action agency of the bishops’ conference has criticised the Govern- ment’s White Paper on care for elderly people. accepts in principle that there should be a cap on the amount people have to pay towards nursing home fees and that there should be a rise in the threshold for receiving means-tested help, but it does not support a specific cap or threshold. A spokesman for CSAN said older people forced to sell their assets “deserve more than just vague agreements”.
Catholic Social Action Network (CSAN), an umbrella body for Catholic charities, said the Govern- ment was “delaying essen- tial decisions” and had not grasped the urgency of the crisis. The White Paper, published last week,
HYDRATING AND feeding dementia pa- tients is a waste of the National Health Service’s resources, a leading medical ethicist has said.
BY MADELEINE TEAHAN mon sense and the Hippocratic oath. He wrote: “Since Hippocratic times (at least) the primary goal of medi- cine has been to benefit people’s health. Until recently, the exercise of doctors’ very limited capacities to prolong life has almost always led to such benefits. Now, however, med- ical advances have led to a vastly in- creased capacity to keep people alive without, in many cases, providing any real benefit to their health.
In an article for the British Medical Journal, the chairman of the Institute of Medical Ethics criticised a High Court judgment in September last year, which concluded that it would not be in the best interests of a brain-damaged woman to withdraw her artificial hydration and nutrition.
Writing under the heading “Sanc- tity of life has gone too far”, Profes- sor Raanan Gillon, who is also an emeritus professor at Imperial Col- lege London, said: “The logical im- plications of this judgment threaten to skew the delivery of severely re- source-limited healthcare services to- wards providing non-beneficial or minimally beneficial life-prolonging treatments including artificial nutri- tion and hydration to thousands of se- verely demented patients whose families and friends believe they would not have wanted such treat- ment.
“This recent judgment, and the practice directions of the Court of Protection, logically imply that doc- tors should no longer decide, in con- sultation with those who know their
The BMJ article deplores a recent High Court judgment incapacitated patients, whether life- prolonging treatment including arti- ficial nutrition and hydration will be in their patients’ best interests.” BY ED WEST
In September last year Lord Jus- tice Baker refused to end the life of a minimally conscious woman by per- mitting the withdrawal of her food and water.
“The opportunity cost will proba- bly be reduced provision of indis- putably beneficial treatments to people who do want them.” Professor Gillon concluded: “Un- less this judgment is overturned or modified by a higher court it will gradually and detrimentally distort healthcare provision, healthcare val- ues and common sense.”
The woman, known as M, was in a minimally conscious state following a brain injury in 2003. Her mother and sister argued that she would not want to be kept alive in such circum- stances and appealed to the High Court for the withdrawal of M’s arti- ficial hydration and nutrition. She was not receiving any other life-sus- taining treatment other than food and water.
At the time of the appeal Caroline Harry Thomas QC, the Official So- licitor appointed to represent M, said: “In M’s case, a person is in a mini- mally conscious state and is other- wise clinically stable. It cannot, as a matter of law, be in that person’s best interest to withhold or withdraw life- sustaining treatment, including arti- ficial nutrition and hydration.” She said that as such treatment was with- drawn from M, it would amount to the “actus reus [guilty act] of murder”.
But Professor Raanan Gillon ar- gued that the judgment defied com-
Mr Justice Baker rejected their re- quest, saying: “The factor which does carry substantial weight, in my judgment, is the preservation of life. Although not an absolute rule, the law regards the preservation of life as a fundamental principle.” Meanwhile, a man suffering from locked-in syndrome recently won a High Court battle to proceed with his request to allow doctors to end his life. A High Court judge ruled in March that Tony Nicklinson’s case could proceed to judicial review. Apprentices will have to pay around £60 a week to cover room, board and materials, and trips to London. But they will be able to be paid for assisting Mr Gillick in the preparation of his canvasses and
James Gillick at work in his studio in Louth, Lincolnshire
Top Catholic artist to take on five youngsters as apprentices
Nuns ask for £2.4m to build chapel
BENEDICTINE nuns are seeking to raise £2.4 million to build a church at their new monastery in North York- shire.
The Community of Our Lady of Consolation is appealing for funds for the second phase of the develop- ment of the new Stanbrook Abbey, near Wass.
The 21 nuns plan to build an abbey church with a sacristy and chapel for the Blessed Sacrament, four parlours, a guest wing and conference room at their new Modernist-style sustainable monastery in the North York Moors National Park.
Bishop Terence Drainey of Middlesbrough said: “What the Sisters bring to our area, to our local Church can never be measured in financial terms. They provide a powerhouse of spiritual riches for all to share. I encourage all who can to support this appeal which in the end will profit us all.”
Cardinalʼs plea Three schools is rejected merge into one
LEADING Catholic artist James Gillick has begun a scheme of apprentice- ships at his Lincolnshire studio. Through working with him students will learn the life skills of being an artist and be in a position to set up as sole traders.
Mr Gillick, who paints traditional works, including sacred art, and sells through one of the leading galleries in London, will teach young artists how to run the business side of art, as well as basic skills of drawing and painting.
The artist will take on five people from the beginning of November for an 11-month course, with the students staying at his studio in Louth. The apprenticeship system was once common in art but has since fallen out of use, Mr Gillick said, “although it’s starting to come back in very contemporary art, with Damien Hirst setting up a factory in south-west England, although they are effectively employees”.
materials, preparatory painting work, as well as business matters, including building relationships with galleries and the tax authorities. ing or making something exquisitely made. From a Catholic point of view my art is something to do with my unique capacity of love, which is different to anyone else’s. Those things come from the heart.” A SPOKESMAN for the Scot- ANGLICAN and Catholic tish government has ruled bishops marked the out a referendum on same- sex marriage despite an appeal from Cardinal Keith O’Brien. merger of three schools in Barnsley this week to form one joint school.
Mr Gillick said he was moved to help young people after meeting an 18-year-old who was walking six miles home in sub-zero temperatures from his work at a supermarket because he could not afford to go to university, he said. “He was a good lad, good at business. When I started looking I saw there that were lots of youngsters falling through the gaps. So I thought I’m going to take on these young artists.”
The spokesman said on Tuesday after the Scottish cabinet had met to discuss the matter that a referen- dum would “not be appro- priate”. Bishop John Rawsthorne of Hallam and the Rt Rev Stephen Platten were due to celebrate a joint liturgy for more than 1,000 pupils and staff.
He said a decision on whether to bring forward a bill on gay marriage would be made this month. Holy Trinity, for chil- dren aged three to 16, opens in September, replacing two primaries and a secondary.
He is a figurative, realist, tradi- tional painter who makes his own paints and canvasses, and refines his own oil. His Catholicism informs his work, and he draws on a Baroque style that mimics the natural world and was based on the assumption that people instinctively love the beauty found in nature.
Mr Gillick said: “It seems to me that art schools are failing their artists, in that only one per cent go on to become artists. By any measurement, in any industry that would be consid- ered a failure. He added that such a scheme would have been very helpful to him when he was young. “Just having someone to stand behind you and say do that, simple things would have benefited. You don’t really know that at 17 because you never listen to your parents and your head is a big blancmange.” Abortions of IVF babies revealed
“In the last 15 to 20 years, since the Brit artist thing, there has been a very big divide. Contemporary art has become linked to advertising, where you take something with no intrinsic value, add some scandal and sell it on quickly. A lot of it has become very advertising-orientated... painters can either go down the road of advertis- He has three young artists aged 17 to 21 starting in November, along- side two older students, and receives about one request a fortnight.
ONE IVF baby has been aborted every two weeks over the past five years because they have Down’s syndrome, it emerged last week. The statistic was among those given by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. Tangney Tours
TWO ANTI-ABORTION campaigners are facing pros- ecution for displaying graphic images of an aborted unborn child outside a clinic.
Pro-life protesters face trial Priest’s memoir to go online BY ED WEST of three, has been charged with causing “harassment, alarm or distress” under the Public Order Act, and with obstructing a police officer by refusing to hand over the banner. Miss Sloane, 21, faces one count of obstruction. Both are Evangelical Christians and members of Abort 67.
“We’re not chasing after people with these pictures, but we think we should have the right to show them. We’ve tried to get them in magazines but have been refused, so the pavement is the last place we’re left with,” Mr Stephen- son said.
images of slavery. Without free speech social reform is impossible. BY ED WEST “Thought For The Day” slot on the Today programme, also THE MEMOIR of a prominent accused the Church hierarchy priest who was highly critical in Glasgow of giving titles to of the Catholic Church in the priests who raised the Scotland is to be published most money for central funds. online. He wrote: “It was supposed Fr John Fitzsimmons, who that the fastest way to be died in 2008 aged 68, left named a canon or monsignor behind a 154-page, type-writ- was to have a healthy deposit
Andy Stephenson and Kathryn Sloane will appear before magistrates in Septem- ber and stand trial after being arrested in June last year outside the Wistons abortion clinic in Brighton, after refus- ing to take down a 7ft by 5ft banner. Mr Stephenson, from Worthing, said: “If the Public Order Act had been in opera- tion during Wilberforce’s day we’d still be investing in the slave trade. They’d have been thrown in jail for showing Obstructing a police offi- cer can carry a maximum term of 51 weeks’ imprison- ment but usually results in a fine or community order. ten manuscript called A Vision with central funds.” Betrayed which is critical of He also describes the late Cardinal Keith O’Brien, as Cardinal Winning as “a great well as the late Cardinal chance wasted”, saying: “He Thomas Winning. could have achieved ‘star- The book is to be published on two Catholic websites, Voice of the Church and Stand Up 4 Vatican II, in October, the 50th anniversary of Vatican II. Mr Stephenson, 37, a father
Fr Fitzsimmons, a regular dom’ but it eluded him on the BBC Radio 4’s because for some odd reason he thought he already was a ‘star’.” Fr Fitzsimmons, who was the parish priest at St John Bosco, Erskine, in Renfrewshire, was also in favour of admitting Protes- tants to Holy Communion, and of ordaining women as priests. He was removed as rector of the Scots College in Rome in the 1980s.
Priest says schools face new reality BY REBECCA REZVANY
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TThe deacons were Alan Burgess, who studied at the Pontifical Beda College in Rome, Kurt Barragan and Oladele Craig, who both stud- ied at St John’s Seminary, Wonersh.
Fr Barragan said the ordi- nation Mass, which included English chants such as Thomas Tallis’s 16th-cen- tury “If Ye Love Me”, was beautiful but also “nerve- wracking”.
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HHe said: “I have to keep re - minding myself I am now a priest. ” Archbishop Smith and Fr Oladele Craig Photo: Mazu r Fr Bernard Kelly, paris h priest and also Rosary’s chair - man of governors, said: “A t school, the pupils hear abou t teachings of Jesus but they ar e not imposed on them g St John’s.H
2 number of new priests a t Southwark. Earlier this year i t was reported that the archdio - cese had 26 seminarians, u p from 10 in 2005 . proud” to have had themi n formation a t said they were the only tw o seminarians to be ordaine d priests out of a year of eight . Fr Barragan, who was a parishioner of the cathedra l parish in south London, stud - ied law at Leicester Univer - sity and previously worked i n administration for a cour t service. He, Fr Burgess and F r Craig are part of a growin
” Mgr Jeremy Garratt, recto r at St John’s, said Fr Barraga n and Fr Craig were “very fin e men who will make excellen t priests” and that he was “ver y The Archdiocese of South - wark covers all boroughs i n south London, the whol e county of Kent and the Med - way Unitary Authority
A PARISH priest in Birmingham has said that a Catholic school with a 90 per cent Muslim in- take “will be here in another 80 years’ time”.
This figure has grown since 2001, when, according to headmaster John Gubbins, 30 per cent of pupils were Catholic. Now only around 40 students out of 400 are Catholic, with many of the re- maining being Muslims of Pakistani descent. A signifi- cant number of students’ par- ents are imams.
But all students at the Rosary Catholic Primary take part in Mass at church and Catholic assemblies.
e “Our school is largely mad e up of Muslim children whos e parents are happy to hav e them attend a Christian school . For the Church, this is a ne w reality.
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Director: drones encourage ‘PlayStation’ idea of killing
BY ED WEST
THE MILITARY’S use of drone technology has been criticised at an inter-denominational seminar organised by Pax Christi.
Use of drones – armed unmanned aerial vehicles controlled by remote control – in modern, hi-tech warfare has increased in recent years, due to more sophisticated technology and fears of military casualties.
America is involved in drone attacks in Yemen, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Pakistan and Afghanistan, while Britain has five armed Reaper drones in service at Kandahar airport in Afghanistan, which are controlled by US pilots at Creech Air Force Base in Nevada.
In 2010 alone there were 118 US drone strikes in Pakistan with estimates of up to 1,000 people killed. Although some were “highvalue targets”, innocents have also been killed.
Chris Cole, director of the antiwar group Drone Wars UK and author of Drone Wars Briefing, addressed a group of 30 people from the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales international department, the Anglican Pacifist Fellowship, Christian CND and Quaker representatives.
Mr Cole, a Catholic, said that the use of drones encouraged “PlayStation mentality” where killing meant simply watching the movement of figures or vehicles on the ground on a screen, pushing a button and seeing them explode.
He said: “There have been 280 drone strikes in Afghanistan since 2008, including targeted assassinations”, and drones are “making military intervention more likely”. He also said there was a huge increase in civilian casualties, although finding out the truth was difficult.
Mr Cole has tried to obtain information about the circumstances of
Chris Cole says that drones turn war into a computer game
British drone strikes under Freedom of Information legislation, but all requests have been refused as being “prejudicial to the defence of our Armed Forces”.
He said: “For me, the primary issue is that it makes war or armed conflict more likely. There is a lot of public apathy because of sending our boys overseas, and after Vietnam there has been pressure to solve conflict through political rather than military systems. But now because of this unnamed systems and so-called risk-free warfare, last year the US was involved in six conflicts and it wouldn’t have been possible without these systems.”
He said that confidence in the accuracy of drones meant that “we are now seeing attacks in areas that would have been out of bounds because of civilians, areas with refugee camps and urban areas, because the politicians have such faith in those systems. We know primarily from Pakistan that these systems are not as accurate.”
The third problem, he said, was the “PlayStation mentality, the psychological distance, that makes it easier to launch weapons”. He added that research by the US military has found that drone controllers had a confirmation bias towards seeing a target, which resulted in unnecessary attacks.
“We are told they are more accurate but we have no information on it,” he said. “Last year two US military personnel were killed and all you could see were blobs on the screens. I’m sure under the right conditions they are good and accurate systems. We need more evidence, and that is what we’re calling for.”
He also said that the young men “operating these weapons systems and later in the day going to home to pick up their children” were at risk of psychological problems.
Dr Peter Lee, a Methodist minister and lecturer at Kings College, London, said that drone operators were being “desensitised” to violence because they are so far removed from the point of impact. He also spoke of the political preference for “using military force without the body bags arriving back home”.
Cornwall’s first Catholic school to open in September
BY ED WEST
BRITAIN’S first Catholic secondary free school is to open in September, after 15 years of being maintained by staff and parents.
St Michael’s Catholic School in Truro has been granted free status by the Department for Education, and will open on September 3 on the site of a former girls’ grammar school.
The school, which will teach 100 pupils and hopes to expand to 300, has been kept open by local people since 1997.
St Michael’s was given the green light by Education Secretary Michael Gove last September, becoming Cornwall’s first free school and the county’s first Catholic state secondary school, as well as the first secondary free school in the south-west. Last year 24 free schools opened around the country, and the new school in Cornwall is one of 68 opening in the second wave.
Teachers and parents set up the school 15 years ago after the closure of the private Tremough convent school, with the support of Plymouth diocese and the Religious Daughters of the Cross in Plymouth. It has been housed in a converted Methodist church building and was funded by 300 donors, known as “angels”.
The current building was the site of a Camborne Girls’ Grammar School, which closed in 1998 and has been a Sure Start children’s centre in more recent years. Local parents will still be able to use the building’s gymnasium for the next 12 months until they secure new premises.
Headmaster Neil Anderson said: “There has been a huge amount of consultation with parents, primary schools in west Cornwall and key stakeholders. The feedback has proved there is a real need for a smaller school offering faith-based learning and high quality academic and vocational activities to exceptional standards.”
“It is great news to have received the funding agreement from the Secretary of State and to be offering parents in Cornwall the long-awaited choice of a statefunded Catholic secondary school. It has been an challenging journey, a real educational and spiritual pilgrimage and a tremendous team effort. All the good news has been coming at once with a successful pre-opening Ofsted and with the purchase of this wonderful old county Grammar school.
“St Michael’s will grow to 300 when full and will have a fantastic new specialist teaching extension. We will keep class sizes down to around 20 to ensure everyone can flourish, pupils and teachers alike. Everything is on track for opening this September and we are very grateful for all the support we are receiving from the local parishes and deanery here in Cornwall as this is very much a community and parish project.
“The amount of work put in by everyone involved in the project in the last two and half years has been incredible and I would like to thank them for their dedication in making this happen.’’ With funding secured work will now begin on transforming the former girls’ grammar school.
Joyce Sanderson, a former headmistress at the school and now project co-ordinator, said: ‘Our aim has always been to provide high- quality faith-based education, which is open for everyone.
“We’ve been able to do this in a small way thanks to charitable donations at St Michael’s Small School.
“Now we’ve received pupil funding that is on a par with other state schools and academies we will be able to offer parents and pupils in west Cornwall another high-quality choice.
“We’re also excited about saving and breathing new life into a heritage building, as well as working in partnership with Cornwall council to provide a temporary new home for the Sure Start team and the invaluable work they do in the area.”
Since beginning the process Mr Anderson and the team have been approached by other Catholic schools from across the country for advice on the creation of free schools.
A third of the 100 free schools scheduled to open in September 2013 are religious, including Jewish, Muslim, Sikh and Greek Orthodox schools, although no Catholic schools have yet joined St Michael’s. Editorial Comment: Page 13
Neil Anderson, headteacher at St Michael’s, with pupils at the school’s new site
Priest who starred in TV series dies at 86
BY ED WEST
A POPULAR Hebridean priest who became famous after appearing in the documentary series An Island Parish has died at the age of 86.
Fr Calum MacLellan, a retired parish priest of St Michael’s on the island of Eriskay, died in Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, last Saturday.
Born in Glasgow in 1926, his family returned to Eriskay, where he went to school, and he spent the whole of his priesthood in parish ministry in the Argyll and the Isles diocese.
Bishop Joseph Toal of Argyll and the Isles said of Fr MacLellan, who retired in 2001: “Through these last 11 years he offered great support to his fellow priests by the many supplies he did both in the island and mainland parishes.
“His spiritual and human contribution was much loved by the people for whom he celebrated Mass and the sacraments through these later years. He was never adverse to talking about his own experiences, particularly his achievements, but always with a touch of humour and humility.
“He had indeed gained a lot of knowledge and wisdom through his priestly life, and this shone through in the interviews he gave last year for the television series, An Island Parish, his contribution to which many may remember. We trust Fr Calum is at peace with the Lord – hopefully there is still a room for smokers in heaven!
“We thank God for his life, his priesthood, and all that he did in service of the community. May he rest in peace.”
Fr Calum’s funeral Mass and burial will be on Eriskay today at 11am.
Scholars deplore decision to close Church archives BY ED WEST
THE CHURCH in Scotland has been accused of “mismanagement and indifference” after the Scottish Catholic Archives (SCA) were closed due to staff shortages.
Columba House in Edinburgh, which houses the archives, has closed its doors indefinitely because there is no one left to look after the service.
The Church says it can no longer underwrite the £150,000 cost of keeping the archives open and free after funding from a private trust was suspended. With curator Andrew Nicholl absent on long-term sick leave, his assistant was told last week to leave immediately rather than work out a month’s notice after she submitted her resignation. Her departure left the archives unmanned, while researchers who had made appointments to view documents were given just 24 hours’ notice that the service was being closed. The Church now plans to move the archives to various locations across the country.
Professor Tom Devine of the University of Edinburgh told the Glasgow Herald: “Whatever the merit of the decision to disperse the Scottish Catholic Archives – and they are few to the point of invisibility – this development is the latest in a long line of mismanagement and indifference to the interests of those who use the archives, and now to the loyal staff.
The historian and author of several books on Scottish history said: “Last weekend, at the University of Edinburgh, there was an international conference on Britain and the world, attracting 200 delegates from more than 30 countries. Some of these scholars were looking forward to working at the SCA during their brief stay in Scotland. This opportunity has now been lost.”
The archives, which contain more than a million documents dating back 800 years, including letters from Mary Queen of Scots and papers relating to Oscar Wilde, were centralised by bishops in 1958 to encourage research.
But a 27,000-strong part of the collection from before 1878, known as the Blairs Library, is to be given to Aberdeen University. The remaining post-1878 material will now be divided between eight dioceses after plans to house them at a renovated monastery in Pollokshields, Glasgow, were abandoned when dry rot was found.
Edinburgh University historian Dr Jenny Wormald said: “Sadly, it is yet another example... where the last people to be considered are the scholars who use the archives to advance understanding of our Catholic, national and international history.”
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