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United Kingdom IC Publications, 7 Coldbath Square, London EC1R 4LQ. Tel: +44 20 7841 3210 Fax Admin: +44 20 7713 7898 Editorial: +44 20 7841 3211 EMAIL: icpubs@africasia.com www.africasia.com

France IC Publications 609 BAT A 77 RUE BAYEN 75017 Paris Tel: +33 1 44 30 81 00 Fax: +33 1 44 30 81 11 EMAIL: info@icpublications.com www.icpublications.com founder Afif Ben Yedder Directeur de la publication group Publisher Omar Ben Yedder o.benyedder@africasia.com GENERAL MANAGER Leila Ben Hassen l.benhassen@africasia.com Editor Baffour Ankomah b.ankomah@africasia.com Deputy Editor Regina Malanda r.malanda@africasia.com Art Director Jason Venkatasamy jason@africasia.com Editorial Assistant Carole Lambert c.lambert@africasia.com Associate Editors Pusch Commey, Cameron Duodu, Stéphane Vigouroux, Gérrard Choisnet, Ridha Kefi, Fériel Berraies Guigny, Jon Haynes, Hichem Ben Yaiche, Carina Ray, Osasu Obayiuwana, Mercy Eze Correspondents Wanjohi Kabukuru, Stephen Gyasi Jnr, Tansa Musa Mabasa Sasa, Jarlawah Tonpo, Reginald Ntomba, Clayton Goodwin, Osei Boateng Subscriptions IC Publications PO Box 2068 Bushy, Herts, WD23 3ZF Telephone: +44 20 8950 9117 Fax: +44 20 8421 8155 icpublications@alliancemedia.co.uk www.africasia.com/subs IC EVENTS Anna Rosenberg a.rosenberg@africasia.com Development Director Patricia Bonnin p.bonnin@ icpublications.com Group Sales Director Tibor Fuchsel advertising@africasia.com SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER Darren Moore d.moore@africasia.com Advertising Sales Directors Medrine Chitty Elisée Marie Nick Rosefield Ndiana Matthew CLASIFIED ADS classified@africasia.com Distribution William Pearson Production Manager Sandra Segade-Hermida Ghana –DISTRIBUTION ana Asiamah Bekoe Kingdom Concept Ltd Tel: +233 302 258057 +233 302 258058 Mobile: +233 20 815 3431 kingsconceptsltd@gmail. com GHANA –SPECIAl PROJECTS & advertising Silvia Salvetti Tel: +233 24 910 5995 top@topreports.org SENEGAL Nathalie Desanti-Tounkara n.desanti@africasia.com Mobile: +22176 51 51265 NORTH AFRICA Néjib Ben Yedder n.benyedder@africasia.com Printers Headley Brothers Ltd, The Invicta Press, Queens Road, Ashford, Kent, TN24 8HH. All pictures AFP unless indicated. Registered with the British Library. ISN 0142-9345 ©2011 IC Publications Ltd. N° DE COMISION PARITAIRE 0213 K 89410 Mensuel: Août 2011 Dépôt légal ee p. 61 for subscription offer details

Contents NEW AFRICAN The bestselling pan-African magazine, founded in 1966

AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2011 ISSUE 509 WWW.AFRICASIA.COM

12 Can we trust the UN?

In the past, the United Nations’ view was generally that “you don’t negotiate with rebels, you destroy them instead”. Today, the UN view has changed – looking at what is happening in Libya, and what happened in Côte d’Ivoire in May. So can Africa continue to believe in UN neutrality?

LETERS 6 Your news and views

BAFFOUR’S BEFS 10 Don’t mention corruption,

they are British!

COVER STORY 12 Never again! Why Africa can no longer believe in UN neutrality 20 Nato’s bombing of Libya is illegal

FEATURES 22 South Sudan: Welcome,

the world’s newest country 24 South Sudan: A new journey begins 28 South Sudan: What the people say 30 Ghana: President Mills crushes Mrs Rawlings! 34 Nigeria: Can the government tackle terrorism?

VIEWPOINT 40 Charles Darwin and his apostles have got it all wrong 46 DSK Saga: It’s the IMF that should be on trial SPECIAL REPORT 51 Gambia: The ‘Smiling Coast of Africa’ REFLECTIONS 62 Move over Naomi

PROFILE 64 Botswana: Conversation with Festus Mogae THE INTERVIEW 68 Tanzania: Anna Tabajuika speaks 72 Côte d’Ivoire: Gbagbo’s supporters not planning to overthrow Ouattara

OPINION 76 Rebranding Africa 78 African identity crisis NEM TRE 80 All the Queen’s men SPECIAL FEATURE 82 Africa had its own writing systems

DIASPORA 88 USA: Was Malcolm X really bisexual? 92 Brazil: Good news for Afro-Brazilians 94 USA: Only 44 years ago SPORT 98 Football: Has CAF become a secret cult? 102 Sierra Leone: Craig Bellamy’s academy THE ARTS 104 Book reviews

BACK TO THE FUTURE 106 Reflections on September 11