COMING NEXT MONTH
Islam in power
Bab ak Sedighi / P anos
Thirty years after the Iranian Revolution, political Islam is at a crossroads. But is the Islamic Republic really Islamic? Writer and broadcaster Ziauddin Sardar explains why he thinks it most definitely is not. Who is funding Islamic extremism? Nafeez Ahmed gives the lowdown on support for ‘our terrorists’ – and it goes beyond the usual suspects.
Next month’s issue also offers dispatches from minority voices in the Muslim world. A gay Iraqi activist traces the changes – from discos to fatwas – in post-'liberation' Baghdad. A feisty Saudi Arabian feminist speaks her mind – and stays put in her own country. A Jewish Iranian embraces both her faith and her homeland.
Look out for the October issue of the New Internationalist. Be prepared to be surprised.
SPECIAL Feature Green Laws In September 2008, Ecuadorians voted in a new constitution with the potential to radically reorder environmental protection regimes across the world – by giving legally enforceable rights to nature itself. This is already being used by indigenous groups seeking to declare proposed mining operations in the country unconstitutional. At the same time, campaigners in Britain and the US are increasingly using the law to help them f ight their corner. So, while the streets are the traditional home of environmental activism, could campaigners soon be just as at home in the courtroom?
RISE OF ANTI-TERROR • copenhagenComing son
Kashmir’s Kan-i-jung: Cry for Freedom
In the strife-torn valley of Indiacontrolled Kashmir, the decades-long conflict continues to take its toll, especially on its young. The undying thirst for independence has been inherited by a new generation, which vents its anger by pelting stones at those in authority. Dilnaz Boga has met some of them. www.newint.org/features/ special/2009/08/06/cry-for-freedom/
Internationalist workers' co-operative (NI) exists to report on the issues of world poverty and inequality; to focus
attention on the unjust relationship between the powerful and powerless worldwide; to debate and campaign for the radical changes necessary to meet the basic needs of all; and to bring to life the people, the ideas and the action in the fight for global justice. The New Internationalist (NI) magazine was founded by Peter and Lesley Adamson in 1970. Together with a range of other publications it is published by New Internationalist Publications Ltd which is wholly owned by the New Internationalist Trust and co-operatively managed: Accounts: Frank Syratt. Administration: Anna Weston, Charlie Harvey. Design: Alan Hughes, Andrew Kokotka, Ian Nixon. Distribution and fulfilment: Bev Dawes. Editorial (Magazine): Vanessa Baird, Dinyar Godrej, Jo Lateu, Jess Worth. Editorial (Publications): Chris Brazier, Troth Wells. Editorial (North America): Wayne Ellwood. Marketing (Magazine): Amanda Synnott, James Rowland. Marketing (North American): Ian McKelvie. Marketing (Publications): Dan Raymond-Barker, Michael York. Production: Fran Harvey.
Please write to your subscription office with full details including (if possible) your subscription number shown on the magazine address label. Please inform us of any change of address. SUBSCRIPTION OFFICES AND ANNUAL PRICES EMAIL: Australia: firstname.lastname@example.org NZ/Aotearoa: email@example.com North America: firstname.lastname@example.org UK/Rest of World: email@example.com
UK and Ireland: Tower House, Lathkill St, Market Harborough, LE16 9EF, UK. Tel: (UK) 01858 438896. Fax: 01858 461739. Tel: (Ireland) CallSave 1850 924 331. Individuals UK £36.85 p.a.; £9.85 qtly. Institutions £65. Ireland h47p.a. Unwaged £24 (please telephone for further information). CANADA: PO Box 819, Markham, ON L3P 8A2. Tel: 1 800 661-8700 Fax: 905 946-0410 Individuals 1 yr – $44 (plus GST or HST); Overseas (by air) 1 yr – $70. GST 121784854. United States: US Periodicals Postage Rates paid at Niagara Falls, NY 14304 US. Office of publication, 2424 Niagara Falls Blvd, PO Box 1062, Niagara Falls, NY 14304-1062. US Postmaster send address corrections to: NI Magazine, Box 1062 Niagara Falls, NY 14304-1062 Tel: 1 800 661 8700. Fax: 905 946 0410. Individuals 1 yr – $44; Overseas (by air) 1 yr – $70. Australia and PNG: 28 Austin Street, Adelaide, S.A., 5000. Tel: 08 8232 1563 Fax: 08 8232 1887. Individuals (Australia) A$88.80 (incl. GST); Institutions A$108 (incl. GST); Student/Unwaged A$44.40 (incl. GST). All overseas subscriptions (airmail only): A$99.60 Binders A$15 (incl. GST). New Zealand/Aotearoa: PO Box 35038, Shirley, Christchurch. Tel/fax: +64 3 386 3153
Individuals $70; Institutions $78; Student/unwaged $59 (includes GST). South Pacific $90; Rest of the World $98 (GST exclusive). Rest of the World: Tower House, Lathkill St, Market Harborough, LE16 9EF, UK. Tel: +44 1858 438896. Fax: +44 1858 461739. Individuals: 1 year: £41.85, h58, ZAR 300, US$68. Institutions £70 p.a. Despatch by air only. Editorial OFFICES: UK: 55 Rectory Road, Oxford OX4 1BW. Tel: +44 (0)1865 811400. Fax: +44 (0)1865 793152. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Advertising: Terry Lock. Tel/Fax: + 44 (0) 1372 276233. Email: email@example.com Canada/US: 401 Richmond Street West, Studio 393, Toronto, Ontario M5V 3A8. Tel: 416 588 6478. Fax: 416 588 4285. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Advertising: Olivia Tsang at Tsang Media Inc. Tel: 647-430-5888. Fax: 647-430-7885. Email: email@example.com
Permissions: Australasia: Australian Subscription Office. UK/Rest of the World: Anna Weston, NI UK Editorial Office. Tel: +44 (0)1865 811400. Fax: +44 (0)1865 793152. Canada/US: Toronto Editorial Office. Member of Cancopy. Reproduction of all material in NI, excluding photographs, is free to primary and secondary schools.
News trade distributor: COMAG Specialist Division, Tavistock Works, Tavistock Road, West Drayton, Middlesex UB7 7QX, UK. Tel: +44 (0)1895 433800. Fax: +44 (0)1895 433801. North America: Publications Mail Agreement number 40063336. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to Circulation Department, NI Magazine, PO Box 819, Markham, ON L3P 8A2. US periodicals postage paid at Niagara Falls, NY (USPS 329770). US office of publication: 2424 Niagara Falls Blvd., Niagara Falls, NY 14304-5709. US postmaster: send address changes to NI Magazine, PO Box 1062, Niagara Falls, NY 14304. Indexing: Indexed in the Canadian Periodical Index, CPI CD-ROM, CPI Online, the Canadian Index, Canadian Business and Current Affairs, and the Alternative Press Index. Available in fulltext electronic format from EBSCO Publishing and Micromedia.
The New Internationalist is published monthly except that the Jan/Feb and July/Aug issues are combined into double issues.
The Independent News Collective is a UK association of radical and alternative publishers. INK publications cover issues of social, political and personal change, issues which are often neglected by the mainstream media. INK enables its members to cooperate on distribution, marketing and publicity. New Internationalist Magazine is an INK member.
It helps us occasionally to allow carefully screened organizations to mail our subscribers. If you do not wish to receive their material please write to your subscription office.
© New Internationalist Publications Ltd. 2009 ISSN 0305-9529
Y C L E D PAPER
The New Internationalist magazine is printed on 100% post consumer recycled paper by a printer who has environmental accreditation. IS0 14001 ContentsNew Internationalist SEPTEMBER Isue 425
I had a lot of help and advice when I was preparing this issue from people who know much more about bees than I’ll ever dream of knowing. One was Charlie Parker, a beekeeper who lives near Beamsville, Ontario, not far from Niagara Falls. Charlie generously gave me a day of his time, drove me to see some of his hives and told me his life story. He started keeping bees when he was 13; he’s now 62. ‘It’s just like a disease, beekeeping,’ Charlie mused. ‘Once you’re stung, you’ve got the bug.’ No pun intended.
NI friend and frequent contributor Mari Marcel Thekaekara, and her partner Stan, also helped by contributing the article on honey gatherers in Tamil Nadu, India. Keeping it in the family, her two sons shot a wonderful sequence of photos to illustrate the article.
Unfortunately, you’re not going to be able to read about Charlie in the pages of this magazine. Nor see all the photos sent by Mari and Stan.
But take heart digital devotees. We will be featuring the full interview with Charlie and all the photos from Mari and Stan on our website when this issue is
posted in a few weeks’ time. So do check it out at www.newint.org
Instead, we’ve added some timely features – including an analysis of the foreign aid debate sparked by the contentious Nigerian academic, Dambisa Moyo. And a pressing piece from journalist Nick Harvey on the situation of Hmong refugees in Thailand.
We’re still not sure if the exploding world of digital media will be our demise or our salvation here at NI. But at least it gives you a chance to read the stuff we couldn’t squeeze into print.
Wayne Ellwood for the New Internationalist Co-operative
ct u r es
. H a rt m an / St
Regular Features 2 Letters When flying is justifiable; jumping
straight into a car-free life; and why we should all work fewer hours. 3 Letter from Cairo ‘Make do and mend’ is a time
WI L D LI FE / P
honoured Egyptian talent, discovers Maria Golia. 27 Currents A breakthrough for LGBT rights in
10 Honey is life Gathering wild honey is an age-old
tradition in South India. Mari Marcel Thekaekara and her husband Stan see
how it’s done.
15 A stressed world Extinction is forever.
12 Ten ways to help save the bees Illustrated by
14 Backyard beehives A walk on the wild side with Hadani
the position of the Hmong – both inside Laos and the bleak refugee camps of Thailand. 4 Why are they dying? Wayne Ellwood investigates the case of the missing bees. 8 The Bees’ Knees – The Facts
Can we stop the slide in bio-diversity?
16 Looting of a small planet It won’t be easy but
Philip Chandler argues that beekeepers themselves need to lead a revolution in sustainability.
22 Why Pakistan's Taliban win
as they lose Pakistan's army offensive has
wrongfooted the Taliban. But the larger war of ideas has yet to be won. Pervez Hoodbhoy explains.
Front cover: Frank Krahmer / Corbis Magazine design: Alan Hughes. All monetary values are expressed in US dollars unless otherwise noted.SPECIAL Feature18 The aid debate: boon or burden? Some call it 'live aid'. Some call it 'dead aid'. The debate is raging. Vanessa Baird and Jonathan Glennie tell the story so far...
24 Jungle orphans Nick Harvey reports on
N T OR FI N N / PA N O S
H a r v e y
India; Afghanistan’s handling of people with mental illness adds to their trauma; and seeing REDD in Papua New Guinea. 29 Only Planet Language may be evolving, but are
humans? ponder Gort and Klaatu in the latest cartoon by Marc Roberts. 30 Big Bad World Mass suicide the CO 2 way in Polyp’s
cartoon. PLUS NI Prize Crossword 31 Interview with
Mike Bonanno The Yes Man
extraordinaire talks about his latest film. 32 Mixed Media Tree-hugging in
Sweden and trainrobbing in Mexico feature in this month’s films, plus a doorstop of a book by Roberto Bolaño which is as hard to put down as it is to pick up. 34 Essay: Why Children Work Jeremy Seabrook
visits Bangladesh to better understand the roots of child labour. 36 Country profile:
i / P A NO S
o m o P