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CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE
ALUN ANDERSON is a former editor-inchief of New Scientist
PHILIP BALL ’s most recent book is The Devil’s Doctor (Heinemann)
PAUL BARKER ’s Arts in Society has been reissued by Five Leaves Publications
DEREK BROWER is a writer on energy geopolitics
MARK COUSINS is the author of The Story of Film (Pavilion Books)
JASON COWLEY is a senior editor at the Observer
JAMES CRABTREE was a senior policy adviser at the New Democrat Network
IAN CRAWFORD is a lecturer in planetary science at Birkbeck College
RICHARD DOWDEN is director of the Royal African Society
ROBERT DRUMMOND is a psychiatrist
CHARLOTTE EAGAR writes for the Evening Standard
DAVID EDGERTON is a professor at Imperial College
FRANCIS FUKUYAMA is the author of After the Neocons (Profile)
TIMOTHY GARTON ASH is the author of Free World (Penguin)
DEAN GODSON is research director of the think tank Policy Exchange
SUSAN GREENBERG is a senior lecturer at Roehampton University
DAVID HERMAN is a television producer
CHRISTOPHER HIRD is joint managing director of Fulcrum Productions
NIBRAS KAZIMI is a visiting fellow at the Hudson Institute, Washington DC
ETGAR KERET ’s book Missing Kissinger (Chatto & Windus) is out in March
TIM KING is a writer living in France
BEN LEWIS presents BBC4’s Art Safari
ALEXANDER LINKLATER is associate editor of Prospect
MATTHEW LOCKWOOD is a senior research fellow at the IPPR
KAMRAN NAZEER is the author of Send in the Idiots (Bloomsbury)
JONATHAN RÉE is a freelance historian and philosopher
WILLIAM SKIDELSKY is deputy editor of Prospect
IAN STEWART is a professor of mathematics at Warwick University
4PROSPECT February 2007
contents Issue one hundred and thirty-one February 2007
OPINIONS 12Rise ofthe gripe site
DEREK BROWER How two men and a website humbled one of the oil industry giants.
DEAN GODSON Frank Johnson and the class system.
14Swords to spaceships
IAN CRAWFORD A plan for the arms industry.
SUSAN GREENBERG We need to value the literature of fact.
DAVID EDGERTON Technology means corrugated iron and wood as well as nanoengineering.
INTERVIEW 20Michael Rawlins
ALUN ANDERSON The chairman of Nice on the Herceptin row, how Nice calculates the value of a human life and what’s wrong with the drugs industry.
COVER STORY 26Identity and migration
FRANCIS FUKUYAMA Modern liberal societies have weak collective identities. Postmodern elites, especially in Europe, feel that they have evolved beyond identities deﬁned by religion and nation. But if our societies cannot assert positive liberal values, they may be challenged by migrants who are more sure of who they are.
ESSAYS 32The library ofGoogle
JONATHAN RÉE Is Google Book Search an advance for scholarship or a victory for AngloSaxon bias and trivialisation?
36Europe’s true stories
TIMOTHY GARTON ASH The EU urgently needs to give a new account of itself. How about a true and self-critical story woven around six goals?
PORTRAIT 42Barack Obama
JAMES CRABTREE Barack Obama’s ability to articulate a hopeful version ofthe American dream has made him a political star. But is the US ready for a black president?
SPECIAL REPORT 48A rough guide to carbon trading
MATTHEW LOCKWOOD Are carbon trading schemes the best way to tackle climate change? Trading is central to meeting Kyoto targets, but questions remain about it. www.prospect-magazine.co.uk
WITNESS 54Feminists in burkhas
CHARLOTTE EAGAR Many liberals backed the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, believing it would end women’s servitude. I met dozens of Afghan women to ﬁnd out whether things are better now.
COLUMNS 10Out ofmind
ROBERT DRUMMOND The diagnosis no one wants.
TUMBLER Cheney versus the realists.
19By the rivers ofBabylon
NIBRAS KAZIMI The man who would be caliph.
WILLIAM SKIDELSKY Eating a lamb’s penis in China.
TIM KING The corrupt and the cynical.
PHILIP BALL The forgetful computer.
RICHARD DOWDEN What’s wrong with African education.
MANNEKEN PIS Merkel mania.
REGULARS 6Letters 8News & Curiosities plus Enigmas & puzzles IAN STEWART 13Numbers game THE CRUNCHER 73Classiﬁeds 78The generalist DIDYMUS 79The list
70The skull beneath the skin
PAUL BARKER Mixing high-ﬂown philosophy with sickening violence, Derek Raymond’s crime novels have long been neglected. Finally they are being republished.
FICTION 60Magic & children
ETGAR KERET Three tales of innocence from Israel.
REVIEWS 66Cultural consumption
DAVID HERMAN Hugely erudite and packed with information, Donald Sassoon’s book is let down only by its lack of curiosity about the nature of cultural value.
67Bombast as art
ALEXANDER LINKLATER In portraying Hitler as the product of a diabolical incest, Norman Mailer has taken ﬁctional ambition to a remote peak of implausibility.
KAMRAN NAZEER Two works by progressive Muslims —a life of the Prophet and an analysis of Arab identity—reveal contrasting approaches to the history of Islam.
MARK COUSINS Should British ﬁlms get tax breaks?
BEN LEWIS Art advisers take over the world.
CHRISTOPHER HIRD Lessons from What not to Wear .
80Between the lines
JASON COWLEY Too much girl power?
Max Nathan on the green belt
Tom Chatﬁeld on Kingsley Amis
PLUS Tim King’s new French election blog
Norman Lebrecht on the decline of classical music recording
Steve Ealeson Pluto’s demotion
David Soskice on Gordon Brown’s room for manoeuvre
THE NEXT ISSUE OF PROSPECT IS PUBLISHED ON 22NDFEBRUARY
PROSPECT February 2007 5