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CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE
MICHAEL AXWORTHY was head of the Iran section of the foreign office from 1998-2000
JOHN BERGER ’s book Here is Where We Meet (Bloomsbury) is published in March
DAVID BIRCH is a director of Consult Hyperion, an IT consultancy
PAUL BROKS is the author of Into the Silent Land (Atlantic Books)
BARTLE BULL has reported on Iraq for the New York Times
MICHAEL COVENEY is an author and theatre critic
STEPHEN EVERSON is writing a book on metaphysics and the mind
CATHERINE FIESCHI is the author of Fascism, Populism and the French Fifth Republic (Manchester University Press)
DAVID HERMAN is a television producer and writer
MICHAEL HOROVITZ is a jazz trobadour and torch-bearer of the Poetry Olympics festival
KEVIN JACKSON is the author of Humphrey Jennings (Picador)
SIMON JENKINS is a former editor of the Times and the Evening Standard
TIM KING is a writer and documentarymaker living in France
DAN KUPER works for London Underground
JOSHUA KURLANTZICK is foreign editor of the New Republic
ELENA LAPPIN is a writer and journalist
RICHARD LAYARD is the author of Happiness: Lessons from a new science, published by Allen Lane in March
MARK LEONARD is the author of Why Europe will Run the 21st Century (4th Estate)
BEN LEWIS presented the BBC4 series, Art Safari
SEBASTIAN MALLABY is author of The World’s Banker (Yale University Press)
DAVID MARQUAND is the author of The Decline of the Public (Polity)
NICK PEARCE is director of the IPPR
JONATHAN RÉE is a philosopher and author of I See a Voice (Flamingo)
BEN ROGERS is associate director of the IPPR and author of AJ Ayer: A Life (Vintage)
IAN STEWART is a professor of mathematics at Warwick University
4PROSPECT March 2005
contents Issue one hundred and eight March 2005
Happiness is back
Our ever-increasing incomes no longer make us happier, and our competitive societies make some ofus positively unhappy. Public policy should return to Bentham’s utilitarianism, unfashionable for many decades but now vindicated by neuroscience.
OPINIONS 12Iraq’s bad press
BARTLE BULL Big media were misreading Iraq’s election. Were they hoping for failure?
13End ofthe Standard?
SIMON JENKINS Might the Evening Standard close?Is the internet ﬁnally hitting the press?
MICHAEL AXWORTHY The MKO is a bloody, cultish terror group. Why is the west supporting it?
17Far right alarmism
CATHERINE FIESCHI Ukip and Veritas are not pretty, but must not be lumped in with the BNP.
19Spooks in court
NICK PEARCE It is time to rethink the ban on using telephone intercepts in court.
ESSAYS 28China’s chance
JOSHUA KURLANTZICK With America distracted by terrorism and Iraq, China has been spreading its inﬂuence throughout east Asia and beyond. For the ﬁrst time since the cold war, US soft power is being seriously challenged.
MARK LEONARD Europe’s power is easy to miss because news is told by journalists rather than historians. But Europe’s success has led to the evolution of a new kind of power—about spreading norms.
JONATHAN RÉE Some deaf people have begun to think of themselves as forming a fully fledged “nation.”They accuse hearingaid makers and ear surgeons of genocide. Is deafnationalism viable? www.prospect-magazine.co.uk
SPECIAL REPORT 44A better class ofID card
DAVID BIRCH We will soon have an ID card scheme. But the government may be missing a trick: technology means a national ID scheme can do much more than stop us from doing things we shouldn’t.
PORTRAIT 48James Wolfensohn
SEBASTIAN MALLABY Over the coming months, as the west focuses on development, the World Bank will get a new head after the ten-year reign of Jim Wolfensohn. Who is he?What is his legacy?
COLUMNS 10Out ofmind
PAUL BROKS Meet Ferdie the gingerbread man.
TUMBLER Escaping Stalag Bush.
TIM KING French healthcare is sick.
MANNEKEN PIS Here come the Portuguese.
80Notes from underground
DAN KUPER The training treadmill.
REGULARS 3Foreword 6Letters 8News & Curiosities plus Enigmas & puzzles IAN STEWART 15My top ten fears ELENA LAPPIN 75Classiﬁeds 78The generalist DIDYMUS 79The list
69Swindling the muse
MICHAEL HOROVITZ Dear Felix Dennis, we both write poetry, but you’re rich and I’m poor. You’re also a great fraud.
JOHN BERGER Hubert has been living here for 40 years. Now I need him to remind me of a girl’s name.
REVIEWS 64The bipolar artist
KEVIN JACKSON Not since the Renaissance has a genius practised two artistic forms with equal brilliance—except August Strindberg, whose paintings are strikingly original.
66The Wittgenstein oflaw
BEN ROGERS A “tell-all”biography of HLA Hart sheds light on the ﬂowering of mid20th century Oxford philosophy.
67Don’t follow the people
DAVID MARQUAND Politicians of the left once led public opinion. A new biography of Blunkett shows that they now merely follow it.
CULTURAL TOURIST 72The puzzling Mr Bond
MICHAEL COVENEY Edward Bond vanished 20 years ago. Was he pushed or did he jump? Plus news and listings.
DAVID HERMAN The myth of the mad artist.
BEN LEWIS Flavin’s neon ﬂavours.
STEPHEN EVERSON London pride.
Tristram Hunt on social history
New ﬁction by Yiyun Li
Roderick Swanston reviews The Oxford History of Western Music
Owen Harries on morality and foreign policy
THE NEXT ISSUE OF PROSPECT IS PUBLISHED ON 17TH MARCH
POLITICAL PUBLICATION OF THE YEAR
Political Studies Association
PROSPECT March 2005 5