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the Friend

11 January 2008

Church under a tree, Kenya.



3-5 News Army recruitment methods exposed in new report

4 FCNL celebrates some positive results Kenyan peacemaking through football Woodbrooke Library now online

5 Face-to-Face, Side-by-Side: new government interfaith initiative

6 What is truth? Carolyn Fletcher

7 Comment Phil Lucas and Judy Kirby

8 Letters

9 Reflections Commitment Geoffrey Cundall Aren’t they somebody too? Alison Leonard

10-11 Does history preordain outcomes? David Zarembka

12-13 Arts There’s Mo[o]re at Kew than a botanic garden Margaret Holman The Cranstone connection Audrey Pitchforth

14 ‘Better to light a candle...’ Kay M Baker

16 q-eye: observations from the Quaker world

17 Friends & Meetings

Help for Friends in Kenya The Africa Great Lakes Initiative (AGLI), a Quaker peace agency working in Kenya, is accepting funds for Kenyan relief and reconciliation efforts. Donations can be made online at or to Barclays Bank PLC, Russell Square, Bloomsbury & Tottenham Court Road Branch account name: African Great Lakes Initiative Account number: 63023923 Sort code: 20-10-53.

Cover: Considering ways to explain truth and light through circles rather than in a linear form. The image is of a ceiling of a building in Toronto.

Photo: 00dann/flickr See page 6

the Friend 173 Euston Road, London NW1 2BJ Tel: 020 7663 1010 Fax: 020 7663 1182 Editor: Judy Kirby Features: Simon Risley Production editor: Jez Smith Sub-editor: Trish Carn News reporter: Oliver Robertson Website editor: simon gray Arts editor: Rowena Loverance Environment editor: Laurie Michaelis Subscriptions officer: Penny Dunn 020 7663 1178 Advertisement manager: George Penaluna, Ad department, 54a Main Street, Cononley, Keighley BD20 8LL Tel: 01535 630230 Secretary to the trustees: Donald Robertson The Friend Publications Limited is a registered charity, number 211649 Printed by Headley Bros Ltd, Queens Road, Ashford, Kent TN24 8HH


the Friend , 11 January 2008 News

Army recruitment methods exposed in new report

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) was forced to defend itself this week after a hard-hitting report accused it of using glamorous advertising techniques to recruit young people. Its author, defence and security analyst David Gee, has also developed a website to provide ‘accurate and balanced information’ about life in the armed forces, so that would-be recruits can make an informed choice about their potential career. Informed Choice? Armed Forces and Recruitment Practice in the UK calls for major changes to armed forces recruitment policies, including a radical revision of recruitment literature, an end to the recruitment of under eighteens and new rights for recruits to leave the forces. This call has been echoed by politicians and exsoldiers who criticised army adverts for not giving a true portrayal of life in the forces. Nick Perks of the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, which funded the report, described it as ‘constructive criticism’. ‘People are taking it in all sorts of different ways,’ he said. The report caused a stir in military circles. The MoD’s response was a strongly-worded

denial that it targets children under sixteen when recruiting for the armed forces and rejected claims that it glamorises war and portrays it as ‘game-like’. Visits to schools were aimed at raising awareness of the armed forces, not to recruit, an MoD spokesperson said. However, this claim is undermined by some of the literature put out by the armed forces (see box below). David, a former manager of the peace and disarmament programme at Quaker Peace & Social Witness, emphasised that the report was about getting people talking about the issue. The media coverage, he said, had ‘vastly exceeded what I expected and hoped for and reached millions of people. The important thing is that a conversation happens, not that we have all the right answers.’ He added that he had met with senior army recruiters while researching the report and was hoping to do so again. Adopting the changes recommended in the report, argued David, will be good for the recruits and good for the military: ‘The armed forces have a poor retention record, partly because they promise recruits more than they can deliver, so thousands end up wanting to leave as soon as possible. Not only will a more balanced and

honest approach to recruitment ensure that those who join do so for the right reasons, it will also help reduce the huge resources spent on replacing personnel.’ ‘The recruitment issue was something that David had identified there had been very little done on,’ said Nick Perks. Unlike the USA, he said, where military recruitment techniques have been heavily scrutinised, the fact that ‘the army is using some quite slick recruitment practices with some quite vulnerable young people has not been well documented in the UK. The website accompanying the report, Before You Sign Up (, was also created by David, but unlike the report, which David says is aimed at ‘achieving changes in the way the army in particular recruits people so the rights of potential recruits are met’, the website aims to plug a hole in the provision of independent and balanced information for those considering a career in the forces. ‘The key thing is that people make an informed choice and they have a right to that,’ he said. Oliver Robertson

What recruitment doesn’t look like Camouflage is the army’s magazine for thirteen- to seventeen-year-olds, most of whom the army does ‘not target’ when recruiting. Each issue contains positive stories about life in the army, details of weaponry and photos of soldiers on duty and enjoying themselves (for instance, at a skateboarding park). Army experiences and equipment are described in emotive terms, with the enemy becoming ‘bad guys’ and the Challenger II tank being something whose ‘mere presence feels like a threat; it reeks of power’. The accompanying website includes a free computer game called ‘Hostile Territory’, images of soldiers to download and links to the army cadet force and the army jobs websites.

An army recrui tm ent centrein London. P hoto:Jez Smi th

the Friend , 11 January 2008