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the Friend

INDEPENDENT QUAKER JOURNALISM SINCE 1843

CONTENTS VOL 169 NO 24 3 No winners 4-5 Meeting for Sufferings:

Time for discernment 6 Earthquake at Yearly Meeting Janet Scott 7 Walking for repentance Symon Hill 8-9 Let them eat toast Jamie Wrench 10-11 Gemini poets Eleanor Nesbitt 12-13 Friendly work with violent people Diana Francis 14-15 Letters 16 Q-eye 17 Friends & Meetings

I feel that the creation of poetry is not unlike the upsurging of words in a Quaker meeting. First, heart and mind must be prepared – and the emotional and mental preparation for art is something which few non-artists realise. Then there is the waiting, perhaps for months, because poetry cannot be forced: it is an act of imagination, not of will ... and then at last comes the moment of certainty, accompanied usually by some physical action, and the words begin to flow.

Clive Sansom, 1965 Quaker faith & practice 21.40

Cover image: Clare College Cambridge with King’s College Chapel in background. Photo: Chelmsfordblue/flickr CC. See pages 10-11.

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Editor: Ian Kirk-Smith Articles, images correspondence should be emailed to editorial@

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the Friend 173 Euston Road, London NW1 2BJ Tel: 020 7663 1010 Fax: 020 7663 1182 www.thefriend.org Editor: Ian Kirk-Smith editorial@thefriend.org • Sub-editor: Trish Carn trishc@thefriend.org • Production editor: Elinor Smallman production@ thefriend.org Tel: 020 7663 1176 • News reporter: Symon Hill news@thefriend.org • Production/editorial assistant: Harriet Hart harriet@ thefriend.org • Arts editor: Rowena Loverance arts@thefriend.org • Environment editor: Laurie Michaelis green@thefriend.org • Subscriptions officer: Penny Dunn subs@thefriend.org Tel: 020 7663 1178 • Advertisement manager: George Penaluna, Ad department, 54a Main Street, Cononley, Keighley BD20 8LL Tel: 01535 630230 ads@thefriend.org • Clerk of the trustees: A David Olver • ISSN: 0016-1268 The Friend Publications Limited is a registered charity, number 211649 • Printed by Headley Bros Ltd, Queens Road, Ashford, Kent TN24 8HH

the Friend, 17 June 2011 News

No winners

POPULAR IMAGES OF CRIME and punishment have been undermined by evidence that many offenders regard community service as harder than a short term in prison.

Campaigners have cited the new research in response to those who regard community punishment as a soft option. The research appears in a report ‘No Winners’, published jointly by the Howard League for Penal Reform and the Prison Governors’ Association. Researchers interviewed people serving sentences of less than one year as well as prison staff.

They found a number of ‘revolving door’ prisoners who regarded a return to jail as inevitable. The Howard League suggests that this results from boredom and disillusionment in prison, reducing the ability of offenders to take responsibility and turn their lives around.

Around two-thirds of those interviewed said they would prefer to complete a short time in jail than undergo a community sentence. Some suggested it was easier to serve a brief spell and ‘get it over with’ than engage in a lengthy sentence in the community.

‘Spending all day lounging on a cell bunk, particularly for those on short sentences, is the real “soft” option,’ said Howard League director, Frances Crook.

The report describes frustration amongst prisoners who hoped to attend courses in prison that are designed to reduce reoffending. The courses, which cover topics such as anger management and decision-making skills, often turn out to be unavailable.

Eoin McLennan Murray, president of the Prison Governors’ Association, said the research confirmed what governors have long known. He said there should be a dramatic reduction in the use of short sentences.

The Howard League went further, reiterating their call for an end to prison terms shorter than a year and their replacement with ‘robust, effective community sentences’. They added that community sentences need reform before this can happen.

The report was published amidst controversy over plans by justice secretary Kenneth Clarke to reduce the use of short sentences. Ministers were alleged to be in disagreement over his suggestion that an offender who pleads guilty early could have a prison sentence reduced by up to half.

The Howard League suggest that this discussion is still neglecting key issues. A League spokesperson told the Friend that a guilty plea can already reduce a sentence by a third. ‘Debating between a third and a half can be a bit of a technical issue,’ she said.

Symon Hill

Petition to support children of prisoners

FRIENDS ARE BEING ASKED to show their support for children of prisoners across Europe.

An online petition to the European Parliament has been created by children of prisoners NGO Eurochips, as part of European Prisoners' Children Week. The petition calls for better conditions for children who visit imprisoned parents and for national monitoring groups to protect their interests.

‘The rights and needs of these children are still massively under-recognised,’ said Oliver Robertson of the Quaker United Nations Office (QUNO). ‘We're glad that governments and international organisations are starting to take notice, but initiatives like this petition are still needed.’

He mentioned two upcoming events at the UN as examples of the growing awareness: a Day of General Discussion at the Committee on the Rights of the Child, on Friday 30 September this year, and a part of a discussion next March in the UN’s Human Rights Council.

To sign the petition, go to http://tinyurl.com/2011CoP (using upper or lower case as indicated)

the Friend, 17 June 2011

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