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the Friend INDEPENDENT QUAKER JOURNALISM SINCE 1843

CONTENTS – VOL 169 NO 1 3-5 News 3 BAE plea bargain result 4 Quaker help for the homeless Trish Carn 5 Wikileaks and the ‘free’ world Sarah Freeman 6 Quakers and the cuts Martin Quick 7 A Quaker inside the ‘kettle’ Diktynna Warren 8-9 Letters 10-12 Interview with Sung Soo Kim 13 The memories endure Adrian Smith 14-15 An Asian adventure Lynda Berry 16 Q-eye and puzzle answers 17 Friends & Meetings

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Cover image: A crocus bursts through the snow – a sign of spring and hope as a new year begins. Photo: Photos.com.

Images on this page: Top: A quiet place to do a crossword and (centre) an entertainer. Both photos from the Quaker Homeless Action shelter at Union Chapel in north London. Bottom: Youth shelter balloons are fun at any age. See page 4. Photos: Trish Carn.

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Editor: Ian Kirk-Smith Articles, images correspondence should be emailed to editorial@thefriend.org or sent to the address below.

the Friend 173 Euston Road, London NW1 2BJ Tel: 020 7663 1010 Fax: 020 7663 1182 www.thefriend.org Editor: Ian Kirk-Smith editorial@thefriend.org • Sub-editor: Trish Carn trishc@thefriend.org • News reporter: Symon Hill news@thefriend. org • Arts editor: Rowena Loverance arts@thefriend.org • Environment editor: Laurie Michaelis green@thefriend.org • Subscriptions officer: Penny Dunn subs@thefriend.org Tel: 020 7663 1178 • Advertisement manager: George Penaluna, Ad department, 54a Main Street, Cononley, Keighley BD20 8LL Tel: 01535 630230 ads@thefriend.org • Clerk of the trustees: A David Olver • ISSN: 0016-1268 The Friend Publications Limited is a registered charity, number 211649 • Printed by Headley Bros Ltd, Queens Road, Ashford, Kent TN24 8HH

the Friend, 7 January 2011 News

BAE plea bargain gets unbargained for result

For the first time, a High Court judge has said that arms giant BAE Systems appears to have benefited from corruption – just as the company was hoping to put the accusations behind it.

The judge’s comments came as a shock to observers who expected him simply to rubber-stamp a ‘plea bargain’ between BAE and the Serious Fraud Office (SFO).

Under the bargain, BAE admitted to accounting irregularities in a deal with Tanzania while the SFO dropped all corruption investigations into BAE – involving deals with the South African, Romanian and Czech governments as well as Tanzania.

Barristers for both the SFO and BAE were visibly taken by surprise when the judge, David Bean, made clear his disapproval of the bargain at Southwark Crown Court on 20 December. Bean returned again and again to issues of bribery as BAE and SFO staff held whispered conversations and campaigners looked on with delight. The press bench filled up as journalists learnt that the hearing was not the formality they expected.

Bean fined BAE £500,000 for the accounting offence, saying he had no power to pass sentence for corruption charges that had not been brought. But he said he was ‘surprised’ the SFO had agreed to the terms and hinted that a jury trial for corruption would have been preferable.

The case focused on BAE’s payments, via intermediary firm Red Diamond, to their agent Sailesh Vithlani. BAE maintains that a payment to Vithlani of £12.4m was for ‘lobbying’ services. Others allege he used the money to bribe Tanzanian decision-makers to spend public money on equipment the country did not need.

Bean insisted it would be ‘naive in the extreme to think that Mr Vithlani was simply a well-paid lobbyist’. He said that BAE was not directly a party to corruption because they ‘did not need to be’, as Vithlani appeared to ‘have free reign’ to make payments, about which BAE ‘didn’t want to know the details’.

The judge drew attention to former BAE chairman Richard Evans, who personally approved Vithlani’s reappointment but who has not been charged with any offence.

As head of BAE, Evans was considered so influential that the former foreign secretary Robin Cook wrote that he had the ‘key to the garden door at Number Ten’.

Kaye Stearman of the Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT) told the Friend she was pleased to see the judge ‘asking the questions that the person in the street would ask’. Anti-corruption campaigner Nicholas Hildyard of The Corner House said that BAE were no longer ‘able to deny’ that they had concealed improper payments.

Quakers were among the activists who gathered in the snowy weather outside the court with a puppet of BAE’s current chairman Dick Olver handing out peanuts – an ironic comment on the ‘fine’ resulting from the plea bargain.

Symon Hill

Quakers and the New Year honours list

Two Quakers were named in the New Year Honours List. Kay Marshall of Penarth Meeting has been made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to healthcare and homeless people. Sheila Hancock of Hampstead Meeting becomes a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for her work as an actor and director.

There is also a knighthood for Roger Carr, the former chairman of Cadbury. In 2010, he signed a deal to sell the company, which was established by the

Quaker Cadbury family, to US-based multinational Kraft. Job losses are expected at Cadbury’s historic centre in Bournville, Birmingham, after Kraft decided to move the headquarters to Switzerland.

Equality campaigner Peter Tatchell said that Carr had received ‘a British honour for an anti-British economic decision’.

Symon Hill the Friend, 7 January 2011

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