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2 |

December 7 - 13 2011

News

The Telegraph

μNews

PAGES 2-13

μWorld News PAGES 14-17

μComment PAGES 18-21

μ Letters

PAGE 20

μObituaries PAGES 22-23

μ Features

PAGES 26-27

μCulture

μExpat Life

μBusiness

μClassified

μPuzzles

μSport

PAGES 28-31

PAGE 32

PAGES 33-37

PAGE 38

PAGE 39

PAGES 40-48

OBITUARIES P22

WORLD NEWS P14

An end to isolation Hillary Clinton meets Aung San Suu Kyi in Rangoon

Ken Russell Often-outrageous film director who shocked and delighted

EXPAT LIFE P32

CULTURE P30

’I Woz Ere’ How run-down estate in Coventry inspired artist George Shaw

Hindered by Interpol Lobbyist’s long and bitter battle over sovereignty of West Papua

LOTTO 30/11

LOTTO 03/12

23 13 24 25 26 30 1 30 35 47 48 49

Bonus Ball 4

Bonus Ball 8

There were no winners of Saturday’s £7.2m jackpot and no one won Wednesday’s £2.2m prize

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1063

The Telegraph

Continued from page 1

inherently unstable, “they had a point”, he admitted.

Because Britain is not in the euro, it is not “sharing the burden”, Mr Delors said. However, he claimed that the UK is “just as embarrassed as the Europeans by the financial crisis”, not least because some of the measures put in place to deal with the crisis pose a threat to British interests.

For example, he said, the creation of a common “Eurobond” underwritten by all eurozone governments and traded in Paris and Frankfurt would be a “big worry” for the City of London. “I can see Mr Cameron’s worries,” he said.

Such is the scale of the crisis, he warned, that “even Germany” will struggle to find a solution. “Markets are markets. They are now bedevilled by uncertainty.”

The Prime Minister was in

Paris last Friday for talks with President Nicolas Sarkozy before this week’s EU summit. The meeting will begin discussions about changing the union’s basic treaties in response to the debt crisis.

Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany insisted last Friday that such a treaty change was necessary and hailed what she described as concrete steps towards the creation of a “fiscal union”.

British diplomats are increasingly concerned that the 17 governments using the euro could try to strike an agreement on new rules between themselves, effectively excluding non-euro countries such as Britain.

Mr Cameron suggested that the fundamental economic reforms needed in response to the euro crisis did not require any treaty change, setting up a potential clash with Mrs Merkel.

Jacques Delors said EU leaders were doing ‘too little, too late’

GROVER

PAUL

Despite British worries about the treaty change process and Mr Delors’s pessimistic analysis, financial markets are increasingly optimistic that EU leaders are edging towards a deal to support the eurozone.

The FTSE 100 jumped 62.95 points to 5552.29 last Friday. British shares rose by 7.5 per cent last week, the biggest weekly rise in almost three years.

European markets also closed up, with the Dax in

Germany gaining 0.74 per cent and the Cac 40 in France up 1.12 per cent.

Earlier, Asian markets closed slightly higher, with Japan’s Nikkei index up 0.5 per cent and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng 0.2 per cent higher.

Full interview at telegraph.co.uk/europe Autumn Statement reports: Pages 10-11 Comment: Pages 18-20 Business: Pages 33 & 35

By Robert Winnett and Bruno Waterfield in Brussels BRITAIN has entered a second credit crunch, Downing Street said last week, as America was forced to intervene to stop the eurozone crisis leading to a global financial collapse.

The US Federal Reserve spearheaded a scheme by central banks around the world, including the Bank of England, to lend money to ailing European banks that were struggling to borrow.

The emergency action to stop the international financial system from freezing up again was prompted by rumours that a European bank was facing difficulties and could not raise money. Panic started to spread through the German bond markets, which threatened to result in a credit freeze for European banks.

British banks have been warned by the Financial Services Authority, the City watchdog, that they must make preparations for the collapse of the single currency.

Last week, Downing Street sources insisted that the global economy was not facing a “Lehman’s moment”, in reference to the collapse of the American investment bank in 2008. However, a spokesman for the Prime Minister said: “Clearly there is a very serious situation in the financial markets at this time. We are experiencing a credit crunch and that central bank action is about trying to mitigate the effects of that credit crunch. They are ensuring they have the capacity to take action.”

The eurozone debt crisis has led to growing fears in financial markets about the stability of major European banks. Investors, particularly US money-market funds, are increasingly worried that the European banks are exposed to huge losses on loans they have made in Greece, Italy and other indebted eurozone countries.

The intervention last Wednesday by central banks led to a sharp increase in

‘One bulb goes out and the whole thing is useless.

It’s like the euro’

stock markets around the world.

Last Wednesday, before the New York stock market opened, regulators invoked special powers that would have enabled them to suspend trading if share prices were to begin swinging wildly. The Federal Reserve said it was intervening even though “US financial institutions currently do not face difficulty obtaining liquidity in short-term funding”, because of fears that the euro crisis could derail markets in America and Asia.

In a statement, the Bank of England said: “The Bank of Canada, the Bank of England, the Bank of Japan, the European Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, and the Swiss National Bank are today announcing coordinated actions to enhance their capacity to provide liquidity support to the global financial system.

“The purpose of these actions is to ease strains in financial markets and thereby mitigate the effects of such strains on the supply of credit to households and businesses and so help foster economic activity.”

In another day of turmoil in Brussels, European finance ministers also admitted that they had failed to raise enough funds for a rescue fund to prop up the single currency.

Olli Rehn, the European Commission vice-president responsible for economic affairs, warned that a summit of Europe’s leaders on Friday was now crucial.

Herman Van Rompuy, the EU’s president, said that Europe’s governments needed to “confront” a looming catastrophe.

Alain Juppé, the French foreign minister, raised the stark prospect of a return to violent conflict on the Continent.

“It is an existential crisis for Europe,” he said. “We have flattered ourselves for decades that we have eradicated the danger of conflict inside our continent, but let’s not be too sure.”

Following a meeting of EU finance ministers in Brussels last Wednesday, details began to emerge of an ECB and International Monetary Fund deal to help rescue distressed euro countries. A bail-out fund would be only half as big as originally promised, €625 billion (£535 billion) rather than €1.2 trillion. Wolfgang Schäuble, the German finance minister, signalled that Germany was ready to relax opposition to European Central Bank involvement in protecting the euro via IMF interventions.

“We are prepared to increase the resources of the IMF through bilateral loans. Naturally, it is the central banks in the end,” he said. telegraph.co.uk/expat

1063

December 7 - 13 2011

| 3

T Need a set of wheels? Hire a car in any one of 175 countries with our online tool telegraph.co.uk/carhire

News

By Gordon Rayner Chief Reporter IT STARTED as a throwaway, if typically provocative, comment by a man who loves nothing better than causing controversy.

But a day after Jeremy Clarkson called for striking public sector workers to be shot, the BBC faced such a growing clamour for his sacking that even the Prime Minister was caught up in the row.

Union bosses failed to see the funny side of what the Top Gear presenter insisted had been a joke, and were so enraged that they consulted lawyers over whether to call in the police. Last Thursday, amid growing signs of nervousness at the BBC, Clarkson uncharacteristically bowed to pressure and issued an apology.

ITV

&BBC

He became public sector enemy number one after he was asked on last Wednesday’s The One Show what he thought of the strike over pension arrangements. “I’d have them all shot. I would take them outside and execute them in front of their families,” he said. “I mean, how dare they go on strike when they’ve got these gilt-edged pensions that are going to be guaranteed while the rest of us have to work for a living?”

Within hours, public servants had bombarded the BBC with more than 4,700

complaints, but Dave Prentis, the general secretary of Unison, took matters further. He said Clarkson’s “revolting” comments were “totally outrageous, and they cannot be tolerated”.

Clarkson should be sacked by the BBC, he said, adding that the union was “seeking urgent legal advice about what further action we can take against him and the BBC, and whether or not his comments should be referred to the police”.

In a rant worthy of Clarkson himself, Mr Prentis suggested children watching the programme “could have been scared and upset by his aggressive statements”.

“While he is driving around in fast cars for a living, public sector workers are busy holding our society together,” he said. “They save others’ lives on a daily basis, they care for the sick, the vulnerable, the elderly. They wipe bottoms, noses, they help children to learn, and empty bins. They deserve all our thanks — certainly not the unbelievable level of abuse he threw at them.”

Downing Street’s official take on Clarkson’s comment suggested it was not taking the row entirely seriously. “Execution is not government policy and we have no plans to make it government policy,” said a spokesman.

Earlier, David Cameron, who is a neighbour of

Clarkson in the Cotswolds and counts him as a friend, tried to pour oil on troubled waters when he appeared on ITV’s This Morning, saying: “It was obviously a silly thing to say and I am sure he didn’t mean that.”

The Prime Minister’s diplomatic skills failed to quell the storm, however, which raged on in both Houses of Parliament. In the Lords, Labour’s Baroness Kingsmill asked Lord Henley, the Home Office minister: “Would you add your voice to those condemning the remarks of Mr Jeremy Clarkson?”

Lord Henley replied: “You can imagine what I think about his remarks.”

From left, Jeremy Clarkson launches into his rant on the ‘One Show’, leaving the presenters, Matt Baker and Alex Jones, with grimaces on their faces. David Cameron was drawn into the row when he appeared on ITV the following day

Ed Miliband, the Labour leader, said Clarkson’s comments were “disgraceful and disgusting” and said he should apologise. “He obviously does not understand the lives of the people who were going out on strike,” he said.

Having already broadcast an apology for Clarkson’s comments at the end of The One Show, the BBC released a full transcript of his appearance, to show his remarks were made for “comic” effect.

Clarkson then issued a qualified apology last Thursday. “I didn’t for a moment intend these remarks to be taken seriously — as I believe is clear if they’re seen in context,” he said. “If the BBC and I have caused any offence, I’m quite happy to apologise for it alongside them.”

It was reported the presenter had told The One Show’s production team of the details of his joke and producers thought his extreme view would be funny.

A BBC spokesman confirmed Clarkson had met a producer beforehand: “The meeting is to cover the topics that will be discussed and the expectations the show has around issues such as tone and balance and it was made clear where those boundaries lay.”

Day of action: Page 12

By Gordon Rayner THE Queen was reduced to tears by the Duke of Edinburgh’s “brutal” behaviour towards her when she refused to take his surname of Mountbatten, according to a new biography.

Sally Bedell Smith even suggests that the 10-year age gap between the Princess Royal and the Duke of York was the result of “Philip’s anger over the Queen’s rejection of his family name”.

Her book, Elizabeth the Queen, to be published in January, details the Duke’s irritation over the monarch’s decision to accept the advice of the then prime minister, Winston Churchill, by keeping the family name Windsor.

The Duke had wanted the Royal family to be known as the House of Mountbatten when the Queen came to the throne in 1952, and complained to friends that: “I am the only man in the country not allowed to give his name to his children.” Earl Mountbatten, the Duke’s uncle and mentor, believed the “delay” in the couple having any more children after the Princess Royal was a result of the Duke’s anger over the question of the family name.

Even in 1960, when the Queen was heavily pregnant with the Duke of York, she told the prime minister Harold Macmillan that she needed to “revisit” the issue of the family name, which “had been irritating her husband since 1952”.

In an article for the current issue of Vanity Fair magazine, the author cites an entry in Macmillan’s diary, in which he wrote: “The Queen only wishes (properly enough) to do something to please her husband — with whom she is desperately in love.

“What upsets me . . . is the Prince’s almost brutal attitude to the Queen over all this.”

He added: “I shall never forget what she said to me that Sunday night at Sandringham.”

Macmillan passed the problem to his deputy, Rab Butler, and the lord chancellor Lord Kilmuir. Butler told Macmillan in a telegram that the Queen had “absolutely set her heart” on making a change for Philip’s sake.

Miss Bedell Smith writes: “By one account, Butler confided to a friend that Elizabeth had been ‘in tears’.”

By Christopher Hope Senior Political Correspondent JOHN BERCOW has spent more than £40,000 of taxpayers’ money on an official portrait that includes his own coat of arms, incorporating a ladder to mark his rise to the top and a rainbow to reflect his support for homosexual rights.

The House of Commons Speaker is depicted rising from his chair and motioning towards the government benches in the portrait, by the British artist Brendan Kelly. Mr Bercow’s coat of arms, which sits in the frame, is dominated by a ladder, four roundels and two curved “seax” knives.

Critics described the portrait as “excessive” and aimed at “boosting John Bercow’s ego”. The ladder represents his ascent from humble beginnings as the son of a taxi driver in north London. He attended a comprehensive, before entering Parliament as MP for Buckingham and becoming Speaker in 2009.

The roundels mark Mr Bercow’s fondness for tennis – he is a qualified lawn tennis coach – and his role as ex officio chairman of the Boundaries Commission of England, Scotland, Wales and

Northern Ireland. The seax knives, which were traditionally worn by Saxon warriors, represent his attachment to Essex, where he went to university, graduating in 1985 with a first-class degree in government.

The rainbow colours and pink triangles mark Mr Bercow’s championing of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual or transsexual people. They sit between his motto: “All Are Equal”. The red and blue colours, as well as the yellow-gold of the roundels, represent the three main parties in the House of Commons.

In the portrait Mr Bercow is making a hushing motion towards the government benches, while holding a Commons order paper.

The painting will hang in his apartment alongside other recent Speaker portraits, including those of Baroness Boothroyd and Lord Martin of Springburn.

Last Monday his office said that the painting cost £22,000, along with another £15,000 for the frame and coat of arms “to keep the style of previous portraits”. But three days later, Mr Bercow faced further embarrassment after admitting that the coat of arms cost even more than originally thought.

There was an extra bill of £5,400 for the patent and design of the coat of arms by the College of Arms, while an

John Bercow is depicted in the Commons making a hushing motion towards the government benches in his portrait, left, while his coat of arms, far left, includes a ladder, representing his rise from humble beginnings, and the rainbow colours of the homosexual rights movement additional charge of £1,600 was for “preparation of the panelled area for the coat of arms to be displayed”, a spokesman for the Speaker said. The “error” arose because the extra costs “came from other budgets”.

Mathew Sinclair, of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, said: “It’s very excessive at this time of public sector austerity for the Speaker to spend tens of thousands of pounds on a vanity portrait of himself.”

A spokesman for the Speaker said: “The artist’s fee is agreed through careful negotiation, balancing the prices artists can command for their work against strict value for money considerations.”