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July 27 - August 2 2011
μWorld News PAGES 14-17
μComment PAGES 18-21
μObituaries PAGES 22-23
μExpat Life PAGES 30-32
Tragic suicide Wife of actor Leslie Phillips kills herself by drinking drain cleaner
WORLD NEWS P15
Mandela’s 93rd birthday Millions of children sing him ‘Happy Birthday’ before school
The good pirate How adventurer Max Hardberger steals back ships and cargo
Interest rates are kept low And experts predict they could stay that way until 2014
10 6 15 32 42 49 1 2 11 30 33 45
Bonus Ball 4
Bonus Ball 39
There was one winner of Saturday’s £4.3m jackpot and two winners of Wednesday’s £2.4m prize
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The bomb destroyed government buildings, above. An injured man, below, is helped amid the debris and destruction in central Oslo
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survived. “He tried everyone, he kicked them to see if they were alive, or he just shot them,” he said.
Erik Kursetgjerde, an 18-year-old Labour Party youth member, said Breivik “would tell people to come over: ‘It’s OK, you’re safe, we’re coming to help you.’ And then I saw about 20 people come towards him and he shot them at close range.”
Rescuers told of the agonising decisions they had to make as they headed to the island in boats to collect children trying to swim to safety. Torill Hansen, who was camping nearby, said: “I could only take 10 people in the boat and even with that many it was nearly capsizing. Having to decide who to take was horrible.”
Breivik surrendered to an armed police unit that arrived on the scene about 40 minutes after being called out by youngsters at the camp, which was organised by the youth wing of Norway’s ruling Labour Party. By then, Breivik,
who had two guns when arrested, had been shooting for 90 minutes without anybody able to stop him.
Breivik, who surrendered without firing a shot, had undergone military training as part of his compulsory national service and held licences for two weapons, including a Glock semiautomatic pistol.
A keen bodybuilder and gun enthusiast, he had held several positions in one of Norway’s biggest political parties, the Right-wing Progress Party, from 1999 to 2007. His views had become increasingly extreme in recent years and he had been seen by neighbours wearing paramilitary uniform.
Writing on the internet, he cited his hatred for Muslims and enthusiasm for the English Defence League. On the social networking site Twitter, Breivik posted a quote on July 17 by the English philosopher John Stuart Mill: “One person with a belief is equal to the force of 100,000 who have only interests.”
It emerged that he had run a farming business and only 10 weeks ago had bought six tons of artificial fertiliser,
which he is believed to have used to make the car bomb that was detonated in Oslo’s political district.
The suppliers thought nothing of selling such an amount to a farm businessman. After the bomb exploded, it appears Breivik drove a silver-grey van to Utoya. The van, recovered by police, also contained explosives.
Police refused to name the victims but said that two members of the government had been killed in the blast. Norway’s royal family and prime minister led the nation in mourning last Saturday, visiting grieving relatives of the dead youths.
Oslo Cathedral became home to a makeshift shrine, with hundreds going there to lay flowers and light candles.
Fighting back the tears, Jens Stoltenberg, the prime minister, said: “It was a paradise of my youth that has now been turned into hell.”
King Harald said: “I’m horrified at the rising toll of fatalities.”
By Laura Donnelly DESPITE a proud reputation of peace and tolerance, Norway has suffered rising tensions over race and immigration in recent years.
In the home of the Nobel Peace Prize, the far-Right has attracted increasing support, both at the ballot box and on the streets. Behind this lie concerns about the rising number of immigrants in a struggling economy.
In parliament, the antiimmigration Progress Party is now the second-largest group, winning one in five votes at the last election.
The party has been likened to the French National Front and the Dutch Pim Fortuyn List, though its leadership claims to be more liberal.
Earlier this year, a report by the Norwegian Police Security Service noted an “increase in the activity of far-Right extremist circles” and predicted this would continue.
It also warned that “a higher degree of activism in groups hostile to Islam may lead to an increased use of violence”, but concluded that Islamist extremists were the greater threat.
Kari Helene Partapuoli, director of the nongovernmental Norwegian Centre against Racism, said that fringe groups had hardened their rhetoric on Islam and immigration, which has turned Oslo into Europe’s fastest-growing city.
The percentage of immigrants in the population has grown from two per cent in 1970 to 11 per cent. The nation’s 163,000 Muslims make up 3.4 per cent of the population, and analysts say Islam has been a flashpoint.
The Progress Party, created in 1973, campaigned against immigration, saying it placed too great a burden on Norway’s generous welfare state. In recent years, it has shifted to a broader attack, claiming immigrants are failing to integrate and create tension in a small and culturally cohesive country.
The party denies holding neo-Nazi views, however. This charge is particularly explosive in a country that fought a resistance campaign against German occupiers during the Second World War, and whose wartime prime minister, the Nazi sympathiser Vidkun Quisling, is a byword for collaboration.
Since Siv Jensen became leader in 2006, the party has made efforts to tone down its extremist image. Where mainstream parties once shunned the fringe group, centre-Right Conservatives have recently considered co-operating with them. Miss Jensen said it was “absolutely terrible” to learn that Anders Behring Breivik had been a Progress activist, but insisted that “this is not the time for analysis”.
Jens Stoltenberg, Norway’s Labour prime minister, tried to quell panic over the scale of the far-Right’s activities, and to appeal to the country’s tradition of democracy and tolerance.