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November 24 - 30 2010
μWorld News PAGES 14-17
μComment PAGES 18-21
μObituaries PAGES 22-23
μExpat Life PAGES 29-32
New peers named TV writer nominated amid criticism over Tory donor honours
WORLD NEWS P15
Nato summit in Lisbon £170m European missile defence shield among measures agreed
The frog detective Lucy Cooke on the trail of a missing amphibian
Making of a monster The first-time British film director with a global hit on his hands
6 3 27 29 33 41 6 7 8 17 27 46
Bonus Ball 8
Bonus Ball 29
There was one winner of Saturday’s £3.9m jackpot and one winner of Wednesday’s £2.3m prize
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By Bruno Waterfield in Dublin IRELAND was forced to accept a bail-out from the European Union on Sunday night in a deal designed to save the euro. After a humiliating week of denying the need for help, the Dublin government succumbed to pressure from other eurozone countries and asked for a “very big” loan.
package would be tied to a restructuring of the banks and a deficit reduction plan. He added that the low 12.5 per cent rate of corporation tax would not change.
Accused during a press conference of lying about whether bail-out talks were taking place and of having surrendered Irish sovereignty, Mr Cowen responded: “I do not accept I am a bogeyman.”
agreement signed by Labour in May, Britain must pay into a £51billion EU financial crisis fund which will form a key part of the bail-out. On top of that, Mr Cameron faces a choice of whether to give an extra loan directly to Ireland.
Douglas Carswell, a Tory backbencher, said that British involvement would anger those who had voted Tory for a tougher line on Europe.
G7 and eurozone finance ministers, including George Osborne, the Chancellor, held emergency telephone talks on a combined EU-IMF rescue package of €80 billion to €90 billion (£69 billion to £77billion).
G7 finance ministers said they “fully supported” the announcement that Ireland would receive the necessary resources “to implement its fiscal reform plans and stabilise its banking system”.
EU and IMF officials will prepare the details of the three-year assistance package. A statement from EU ministers said “providing assistance to Ireland is warranted to safeguard financial stability in the EU and in the euro area”.
British taxpayers now face a bill of at least £7billion, the equivalent of about £300 for every household.
Brian Cowen, the Irish prime minister, said the EU
He urged his countrymen: “Do not underestimate the scale of our economic problems but we must have faith in our ability as a people to recover and prosper.”
Governments were this week watching the markets after Greece, which received a £94 billion bail-out in April, warned that the EU’s debt crisis was not finished yet.
Portugal has already warned that there is a “high risk” that it might need help. If investors are unconvinced by the Irish rescue package, the euro could come under pressure. Wolfgang Schäuble, the German finance minister, said: “We are not just defending a member state but our common currency.”
Brian Lenihan, the Irish finance minister, refused to be drawn on the exact size of the “standby fund” he had requested, saying only that it was “very big” and would be “tens of billions”. Mr Lenihan
‘Will we be given a Bank Holiday on the day the euro collapses?’
said Ireland had a deficit of more than £16 billion, which it could not afford on account of concerns over the solvency of Irish banks.
David Cameron pledged to help Ireland as a “neighbour and friend”, but refused to discuss how much Britain would contribute, or whether the bulk of it would be delivered via an Anglo-Irish agreement or a wider EU deal.
Britain’s contribution is expected to be between £7billion and £9 billion depending on how it is funded, the extent of EU and eurozone guarantees and any bilateral British aid.
Under the terms of an
John Redwood, the former Cabinet minister, said the bail-out was “not Britain’s problem” but the eurozone’s.
George Papaconstantinou, the Greek finance minister, warned that the Irish bail-out would not be enough to “prevent the debt crisis from continuing” and it could spread to Spain and Portugal.
Negotiations between Dublin and the EU and IMF have been tense, with tough conditions likely to be imposed to force Ireland to cut public expenditure by £13 billion.
Trade unions warned of “civil unrest” on a scale not seen for decades as leaks suggested that there would be sharp tax rises for the lowpaid and middle classes. One union leader added: “Life in Ireland will be unbearable.”
Simon Heffer, page 19
By Bonnie Malkin in Greymouth, New Zealand TEST drilling began on Sunday at the New Zealand coal mine where 29 men have been missing since last Friday, in preparation for a possible rescue effort.
In an attempt to learn more about the situation underground, a six-inch borehole was nearing completion. Rescuers hoped to send a camera and further gas sampling equipment into the hole.
The rescue teams were also preparing to send a robot into the mine’s entrance tunnel. The robot will carry a camera into the mine and has been specially fitted so that it will not create a potentially deadly spark when it goes underground.
After discussions with mine experts in the United States, the team will also use seismic equipment to listen for movement underground.
As the operation entered its third day, police said levels of dangerous gas within the mine were still fluctuating but Peter Whittal, the mine’s chief executive, said the new equipment and approaches should help speed up the rescue.
Police have faced criticism for being overcautious and taking too long to enact a rescue. More than 48 hours after an explosion ripped through the Pike River mine, anger and resentment was growing among the families of the men underground.
Busloads of relatives were taken to the entrance of the mine to witness the preparations for a rescue.
During the two hours they spent on site, the groups of families talked to rescue coordinators and some of the men who were waiting to go into the mine.
However, on their return to
READY TO GO IN, BUT HAMPERED BY FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN
PIKE River mine boasted some of the most sophisticated safety equipment in New Zealand mining. But nearly three days after a devastating explosion, rescuers were struggling to build up a picture of what was happening underground.
Naturally occurring methane gas is thought to have ignited. However, equipment to monitor the level of gases in the mine suddenly stopped working at the time of the blast.
High levels of gas have been detected near ventilation shafts.
At the mine entrance, six teams of five rescuers were standing by on rolling eight-hour shifts to go inside. Every 30 minutes, gas samples from the top of the ventilation shaft were being tested.
As soon as gas levels stabilise and they receive the green light, one group will walk the 1.7 miles to the end of the entrance tunnel and set up a staging base.
The walk, up a slight gradient in complete darkness, will take about two hours. “It’s not like walking down to the supermarket,” said Terry Watts, who is co-ordinating the rescue effort. “The ground is uneven and the men will be carrying breathing apparatus and 5kg to 10kg of equipment.”
The alert was sounded when Daniel Rockhouse, who had been working 1.4 miles into the entrance tunnel, rang the control centre to say that there had been a “big flash”.
Mr Rockhouse had been overcome by smoke and the shock of the blast, but made it to the exit. On his way out, he found his colleague, Russell Smith, who was lying on the floor disoriented from the explosion and helped him. Together, they walked out of the mine.
the nearby town of Greymouth, the stress of the day was obvious, with one woman telling the gathered crowd: “---- off you victim vultures.”
Relations of Peter Rodger and Malcolm Campbell, two Britons who were trapped, were travelling to Greymouth, on the west coast of New Zealand’s South Island.
The authorities fear that the combination of gases and heat detected in the tunnel could set off another explosion, risking the lives of the rescuers and any surviving miners.
Tony Watts, one of the lead rescuers, said that sending men into the mine would be like sending them “into the barrel of a gun”.
“We’ve got 30 brave men up there desperate to get going and rescue our brothers,” he added. “If there is the slightest opportunity to go underground, we will.”
Conditions within the mine were unclear. While there were high levels of noxious gases, there were also believed to be pockets of breathable air.
There was access to fresh water in the tunnels, but the men had only the food they took with them last Friday. telegraph.co.uk/expat
T The Royal engagement For all the latest updates,
November 24 - 30 2010
By Roya Nikkhah Royal Correspondent PRINCE WILLIAM is embarking on a “zero tolerance” policy towards the paparazzi which will see him take immediate legal action if he feels his or Kate Middleton’s privacy is breached in the run-up to their wedding.
The Prince intends, if necessary, to launch an early test case as part of a campaign to ensure he and his fiancée do not suffer the same levels of intrusion as his late mother, Diana, Princess of Wales.
According to friends, Prince William and Miss Middleton will instruct Gerrard Tyrrell, a leading privacy lawyer, as soon as they consider a photographer oversteps the mark during their engagement.
Prince William has said that he will consider both criminal and civil action depending on the nature of any intrusion.
The Prince, 28, has promised his fiancée’s father,
Michael Middleton, in the past that he will protect his daughter from the media.
He is believed to have reiterated this promise when he formally asked Mr Middleton for his daughter’s hand in marriage.
A single photograph of the couple sharing a tender moment could earn a photographer tens of thousands of pounds, and last week some paparazzi said they consider them “fair game” following their engagement, after several years of relative restraint.
Prince William blames the paparazzi for the death of his mother in a Paris car crash more than 13 years ago and is determined that his future wife will not have to tolerate similar intrusions and dangers. In recent years, the Prince has taken a personal interest in privacy laws, including the landmark ruling won by Princess Caroline of Monaco against the paparazzi, which prevented the German press from publishing photographs of her and her
Centre of attention: Kate Middleton leaves her parents’ home last week (top) accompanied by one of the bodyguards who will now always be with her, and surrounded by photographers outside her Chelsea flat on her 25th birthday children following years of harassment.
Although the Prince has a good relationship with the media – including the tabloid press – he remains incensed by the antics of a small number of paparazzi who will go to almost any lengths to “snatch” a photograph of members of the Royal family in private situations.
A senior aide told The Telegraph: “Prince William feels that he and his fiancée have a right to privacy when they are going about every day, private activities – both before and after their marriage.
“He will not tolerate any form of pursuit [by cars or motorbikes] or harassment. They are not just disruptive but they are also very dangerous.” At times during their eight-year courtship, Prince William has been angered by the way the paparazzi have hounded him and Miss Middleton.
He came close to taking legal action three years ago when, after leaving a nightclub, he and Miss Middleton were pursued by at least seven photographers on motorcycles, scooters and in a car. The Prince told friends that he found it “incomprehensible” that the paparazzi should have been harassing them in the week that the inquest opened into the death of his mother, whose car was being pursued by photographers when it crashed.
By Gordon Rayner KATE MIDDLETON and Prince William want their wedding to be a “people’s ceremony” with as many ordinary members of the public invited as possible.
The couple have told royal aides that they do not want the congregation to be made up entirely of “the great and the good” and will send invitations to people from all walks of life.
The Prince and Miss Middleton, both 28, have now agreed on a venue, understood to be Westminster Abbey, and settled on a preferred date. However, it will not be confirmed until it has been cleared with the Queen, the Church of England, the Metropolitan Police and key guests, such as the heads of Commonwealth countries.
The Queen and the Prince of Wales are close to finalising details of who will pay for the occasion, according to insiders. Each is expected to contribute millions from their private finances.
One key consideration in the choice of venue was the scope for opening the service to members of the public, rather than restricting the ceremony to “official” guests.
A royal source said: “It’s certainly something that is on the couple’s minds. They are keen that people from different walks of life should have a chance to take part.
“Prince William is patron of a lot of charities and he will certainly want to make sure that those organisations feel involved in the day.”
Westminster Abbey has room for 2,000 people, but space can be made for up to 8,000 with the addition of temporary seating and galleries.
Prince William’s parents invited 3,500 people to their wedding at St Paul’s Cathedral in 1981.
The Prince and Miss Middleton have had little time to celebrate last week’s announcement of their engagement, as the Prince returned to work as an RAF helicopter pilot the following day.
Miss Middleton has begun preparations to leave her job at her family’s online partyware business, and spent last Friday handing over work to colleagues when she visited the company’s premises near her family home in Bucklebury, Berks. She drove herself to the warehouse, but was accompanied by a police bodyguard.
Continued from page 1
means I get a sister, which I have always wanted.”
Asked why he had taken so many years to propose, Prince William said: “I didn’t realise it was a race … but the time is right now, we’re both very, very happy and I’m very glad that I have done it.” Miss Middleton said: “We have been going out for a long time now and it just seemed the natural step for both of us”.
Sources close to the Royal family said the engagement ring, given to Diana, Princess of Wales, by the Prince of Wales when they became engaged in February 1981, fitted Miss Middleton perfectly without needing to be adjusted.
The couple said they had already discussed having children, and Miss Middleton said: “I hope we will be able to have a happy family”.
The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh were “absolutely delighted for them both”, a Buckingham Palace spokesman said.
However, the Queen and the Prince of Wales both remarked on the couple’s delay in getting engaged. Asked for his personal reaction to the news, the Prince of Wales joked: “Thrilled – they have been practising for long enough!”
During a reception at Windsor Castle for leaders of British overseas territories last Tuesday, the Queen told a guest: “It is brilliant news. It has taken them a very long time.” Mr Cameron was among the first to speak to the Prince to offer his congratulations. The Prime Minister was handed a piece of paper informing him about the engagement during the morning’s Cabinet meeting, and said ministers gave a “great cheer” and banged the table when he broke the news.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, who is expected to conduct the service, expressed his “delight” at the engagement announcement.
The couple’s first home will be the cottage on Anglesey which the Prince has been renting for several months near RAF Valley, where he is beginning a three-year tour
Prince William and Kate Middleton watch England play Italy at Twickenham in 2007
of duty as a search and rescue helicopter pilot.
The Prince and his fiancée posed for pictures in the Entrée Room at St James’s Palace. Miss Middleton wore a blue dress by Issa and the Prince wore a tailor-made Gieves and Hawkes suit.
Asked about the prospect of becoming Queen Catherine, Miss Middleton said: “It’s quite a daunting prospect but hopefully I’ll take it in my stride, and William’s a great teacher, so hopefully he’ll be able to help me along the way. I’m really looking forward to spending my time with William.”
The Prince replied: “She’s very good at flattery.”
He described the couple’s relationship by saying: “Obviously we both have a very fun time together, both have a very good sense of humour about things, we’re down to earth, we take the mickey out of each other a lot, and she’s got plenty of habits that make me laugh that I tease her about.” Miss Middleton added: “Over the years, William has looked after me, he’s treated me very well, as the loving boyfriend he is, he is very supportive of me through the good times and also through the bad times.”
Sources said the couple had been discussing marriage for “two or three years” and had delayed the announcement following the death of Miss Middleton’s grandfather, Peter Middleton, whose funeral was held this month.
Full coverage, pages 4 & 5 Comment, pages 18, 19 & 20