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November 23 - 29 2011
μWorld News PAGES 14-17
μComment PAGES 18-21
μObituaries PAGES 22-23
μExpat Life PAGES 28-32
Spotlight on Canada Pioneering Group of Seven artists receive first UK exhibition
Rapprochement in Burma Aung San Suu Kyi says she is ready to work with the generals
EXPAT LIFE P28
EXPAT LIFE P32
Bulgarian adventure How a teenager found her niche in business while living abroad
Stripy ties and Harrow Hats Do uniforms still have a role in 21st-century education?
12 10 26 27 39 40 1 29 31 32 34 36
Bonus Ball 20
Bonus Ball 45
There were two winners of Saturday’s £7.3m jackpot but no one won Wednesday’s £2.3m prize
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By Bruno Waterfield in Brussels GERMANY has drawn up secret plans to prevent a British referendum on the overhaul of the European Union amid concerns it could derail the eurozone rescue package, leaked documents obtained by The Daily Telegraph disclose.
The leaked memo, written by the German foreign office, discloses radical plans for an intrusive new European body that will be able to take over the economies of beleaguered eurozone countries.
It discloses that the EU’s largest economy is also preparing for other European countries, which are too large to be bailed out, to default on their debts — effectively going bankrupt. It will prompt fears that German plans to deal with the eurozone crisis involve an erosion of national sovereignty that could pave the way for a European “super state” with its own tax and spending plans set in Brussels.
Britain would be relegated to a new outer group of EU members who are not in the single currency. David Cameron travelled to Brussels and Berlin on Friday for tense negotiations with Mrs Merkel amid growing disagreement between the leaders over how to deal with the eurozone.
The Prime Minister is increasingly exasperated that Germany refuses to provide more financial help for Italy and other struggling countries amid concerns that the crisis is having a “chilling effect” on the British economy. Mrs Merkel last week said she expected Mr Cameron to “examine a stronger involvement with other countries” once the eurozone crisis had been resolved.
“We’ve seen a sovereign debt crisis evolve in some states and particularly those in the eurozone find themselves in the international focus,” she said. “It was right of David Cameron to concern himself
David Cameron and Angela Merkel during debt talks in Berlin
Continued from page 1
Cameron left no doubt that he was convinced the ECB should get involved, despite German concerns this would risk triggering inflation.
But, Mrs Merkel dismissed the idea. She said: “The British say we have to use all force available. One should not pretend to be more powerful than one is because the markets will find this out.
“Our task is to implement what we have decided on. There are a few technical details that need to be worked out and every day counts for us finally to put this on track. When you have lost confidence and the eurozone has lost confidence, then this has to be regained step by step.” Mrs Merkel said she and Mr Cameron had an
“opportunity for an exchange of views”, adding that the two countries were determined to stand together in a spirit of “strong friendship”.
She said: “The fact that we are standing here before you makes it abundantly clear that the United Kingdom and Germany need each other. We share a common opinion on how Europe can be successful, how we can preserve our prosperity.” Mrs Merkel said Germany wanted a “limited treaty change” as part of reforms to the European Union to ensure eurozone members stick to their commitments under the Stability and Growth Pact in future. However Britain would not have a say in this change, as it would only apply to the eurozone countries.
with the UK’s debt issues when he became Prime Minister — that’s my firm conviction, and once the negative focus has moved away from Europe, he will examine a stronger involvement with other countries.”
The eurozone contagion is threatening to spread to Spain and France. Last Thursday, the price of Spanish government borrowing reached the “brink” of crisis point.
The Spanish government sold 10-year bonds at a 6.975 per cent yield — just below the seven per cent level which has triggered international assistance elsewhere.
Amid protests in Milan and Turin, Mario Monti, Italy’s unelected “technocrat” prime minister unveiled sweeping austerity reforms. Mr Monti warned that a break-up of the single currency would take eurozone economies “back to the 1950s” in terms of wealth.
By Bruno Waterfield in Brussels and Christopher Hope in Berlin BRITAIN will have to abandon the pound and join the single currency “faster than people think”, Germany’s finance minister has said.
Wolfgang Schäuble said that, despite the current crisis in the eurozone, the euro will ultimately emerge as the common currency of the entire European Union.
He said he “respects” Britain’s decision to keep the pound, but insisted that the survival and eventual stabilisation of the euro will convince non-members to join the currency club.
“This may happen more quickly than some people in the British Isles currently believe,” he added.
Mr Schäuble also said Germany would stand firm on its call for a financial transaction tax that Britain believes would badly harm the City of London.
Fears over the eurozone crisis saw stock markets fall again last Friday. The FTSE 100 closed down 1.1per cent. French and German shares also fell.
Sir John Major, the former prime minister, warned last Friday night that the growing integration of the eurozone nations threatened democracy in those countries.
Sir John told Al Jazeera television that richer euro members led by Germany and France would “insist on moving towards what we call fiscal union.”
He said: “By that I mean common control over budgets and common control over fiscal deficits, perhaps a European Union finance minister.”
Sir John, who advises David Cameron on foreign policy issues, also described the banking transaction tax as “a heat-seeking missile proposed in continental Europe, aimed at the City of London”.
Reports: Page 4
Continued from page 1
prize to Zintan, the mountain town two hours’ drive south of the capital Tripoli.
At the town’s airport, hundreds lined the runway for a glimpse of the oncemighty son who terrorised them for months earlier this year. Celebrations erupted in Tripoli as news filtered through of the capture.
People passed around printed copies of an internet image showing Saif on a sofa with bandaged fingers.
Libyans watched in astonishment as television pictures showed a defeated figure on the aircraft flying to Zintan, hunched and with a scarf pulled across his face.
The figure was a familiar one, yet he was not the wellgroomed man fond of designer clothes they had expected to take over from his father. Instead, he was wearing traditional robes, a heavy black beard and his favourite rimless spectacles.
His fingers were bandaged, thought to be the result of injuries from a Nato air strike several weeks ago.
He had last been seen around October 19 in Bani Walid, near Tripoli, then he vanished into the desert as forces loyal to him crumbled. They staged a bloody last stand of several weeks.
One Zintan commander, Bashir al-Tlayeb, claimed Saif al-Islam was trying to flee to Niger. His bungled escape and capture were the last humiliating steps in a bizarre career. The 39 yearold was a playboy who became the reformist darling of the West, educated at the London School of Economics. Then he became cheerleader for his father’s repression when the uprising broke out in February, tried to reinvent himself as an Islamist to rally support in the spring, and then became a military commander as the rebels closed in during August.
During the uprising, he was arrogant, jabbing his finger at crowds as he lectured them. On Saturday, he was displayed like a trophy by jubilant rebels from Zintan, a town that fought his family ferociously. His fate will depend on what they decide to do with him.