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THE WEEKLY WORLD EDITION OF The Daily Telegraph AND The Sunday Telegraph

October 26 - November 1 2011 No. 1057

The Telegraph


City take United to the cleaners on Manchester derby day



A dazed Col Gaddafi (left) puts his hand to a head wound in footage taken shortly after his capture. But his body (above left) revealed bullet holes in head and abdomen. Mutassim Gaddafi (above right) is seen relatively uninjured soon after his capture, but his body (right) shows two gunshot wounds

By Gordon Rayner Chief Reporter LIBYA’S rebel army was accused last Friday of executing Col Muammar Gaddafi and his son Mutassim in cold blood as the United Nations suggested that their deaths may amount to war crimes. Human-rights groups and Gaddafi’s widow Safia called for an independent investigation into the deaths, which robbed victims’ families of the chance to see Gaddafi put on trial for his murderous acts.

Both Gaddafi and his son were filmed or photographed alive after their capture last Thursday, before both died of multiple gunshot wounds.

Last Friday, at refrigeration units in Misurata where the two bodies were kept before burial, young men queued for the chance to see the corpses and take pictures of them on their mobile phones. Libya’s interim president, Mustafa

Abdul Jalil, declared the country officially liberated on Sunday, though the fate of Saif al-Islam, Gaddafi’s chosen heir and the only man who could continue the fight, remained unclear. Within Libya, Gaddafi’s death was cause for celebration, but the new leaders were warned that summary executions would not be tolerated by the international community.

Rupert Colville, a spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, said: “It is unclear how [Col Gaddafi] died. There is a need for an investigation.”

Describing footage of Gaddafi’s last moments as “very disturbing”, he said that if the former dictator had been executed, “that would raise issues that a crime had been committed and we would have to look at dealing with that”. He added: “You can’t just chuck the law out of the window. Killing someone outside a judicial procedure,

even in countries where there is the death penalty, is outside the rule of law.”

Amnesty International also called for “a full, independent and impartial inquiry” into the circumstances of Gaddafi’s death, and Safia Gaddafi called on the UN to investigate the death of both her husband and her son, according to Syrian TV.

David Cameron said Libya, not the UN, should investigate the deaths. His spokesman said: “The account of precisely what happened is a matter for the NTC [National Transitional Council].”

Several videos of Gaddafi after his capture near Sirte show him walking and talking to his enemies. His body was later photographed with a clean bullet hole in the left temple and bullet wounds in his abdomen and chest. His son Mutassim was photographed smoking a cigarette and holding a bottle of water, almost uninjured,

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Mahmoud Jibril, the interim Libyan prime minister, admitted Col Gaddafi was relatively unscathed when captured. “When they transferred him to the pickup truck he had no injuries. When the vehicle started moving, he was caught in the crossfire and he was injured with a shot to the head.”

He said Gaddafi was taken by ambulance to Misurata, but died there from his wounds.

Mahmoud Shammam, the NTC information minister, said: “It seems like the bullet was a stray and it could have come from the revolutionaries or the loyalists. The problem is everyone around the event is giving his own story.”

But one member of the NTC, who asked not to be named, confessed: “They beat him very harshly and then they killed him. This is a war.”

The NTC said no orders had been given to kill Col Gaddafi. Another senior NTC official said: “No instructions were given to kill Gaddafi and we do not believe our revolutionaries intentionally killed him.”

Hisham Krekshi, the deputy chairman of Tripoli council, conceded that “revenge” may have played a part in Gaddafi’s death, but added: “It’s a war and everybody is happy with his death.”

Dr Ibrahim Tika, who examined the body, suggested Gaddafi was already bleeding to death from an abdominal wound when he was shot in the temple. He said the “primary reason” for Gaddafi’s death was the bullet in his gut, adding: “Then there was another bullet in the head that went in and out of his head.”

Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the head of Nato, said it plans to end its seven-month mission in Libya on Oct 31, but will issue a formal decision this week after consulting both the UN and Libya’s interim authorities.