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October 26 - November 1 2011
μWorld News PAGES 14-17
μComment PAGES 18-21
μObituaries PAGES 22-23
μExpat Life PAGES 30-32
‘Spy’ who loved MP Russian ‘honeytrap’ girl had a four-year affair with Lib Dem
WORLD NEWS P15
Hit-and-run toddler left to die China shocked by CCTV footage of injured girl ignored in the street
Attenborough on ice The BBC’s wildlife guru goes to the poles for his latest series
George Clooney’s new thriller The star and director explains why he had to make his film now
14 13 18 32 34 49 20 27 28 34 43 44
Bonus Ball 20
Bonus Ball 1
There was one winner of Saturday’s £4.6m jackpot and one winner of Wednesday’s £2.6m prize
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By Murray Wardrop THE most comprehensive independent review of historical weather records to date indicates that temperatures have risen since the 19th century.
The Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature project compiled more than a billion temperature readings from weather stations around the world and found the average global land temperature has risen by around 1C since the mid-1950s.
The research was commissioned in the wake of the University of East Anglia (UEA) “climategate” scandal, to resolve the dispute over the validity of scientists’ previous findings of global warming.
However, the results are likely to disappoint some of the groups that helped to fund the project as they also support organisations that are lobbying against action on climate change.
The study produced a similar conclusion to research by major groups including Nasa and the Met Office, together with UEA, which was criticised over “climategate”.
The University of California review also found that several key factors that climatechange sceptics claimed skewed global-warming figures had no meaningful effect.
“My hope is that this will win over those people who are properly sceptical,” Richard Muller, a physicist and head of the project, said.
“Some people lump the properly sceptical in with the deniers and that makes it easy to dismiss them, because the deniers pay no attention to science. But there have been people out there who have raised legitimate issues.”
The project was established by Prof Muller to settle concerns that established teams of climate researchers had not been transparent with their data. The move came after the emails of UEA climate scientists were hacked, posted online and used by critics to allege manipulation of climatechange data.
Prof Muller gathered a team of 10 scientists, mostly physicists, including such luminaries as Saul Perlmutter, a winner of this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for research showing that the universe’s expansion is accelerating.
The Berkeley group says it has also found evidence that changing sea temperatures in the North Atlantic may be a reason why the Earth’s average temperature varies globally from year to year.
Funding came from a number of sources, including charitable foundations maintained by the Koch brothers, the billionaire US industrialists who have also donated large sums to organisations lobbying against the acceptance of man-made global warming. “I was deeply concerned that the group [at UEA] had concealed discordant data,” Prof Muller said.
“Science is best done when the problems with the analysis are candidly shared.”
The team also examined concerns over the so-called urban heat island effect, which causes higher temperature readings near cities and has been used by sceptics as evidence of data being skewed.
The Berkeley research found that the effect does not contribute significantly to average land temperature rises as a whole because urban areas make up less than 1 per cent of the Earth’s land area.
“We have looked at these issues in a straightforward, transparent way and, based on that, I would expect legitimate sceptics to feel their issues have been addressed,” Prof Muller said.
DEATH OF GADDAFI
By Damien McElroy in Misurata ONLY the frigid air of a cold storage unit united the dictator and his favourite son in death.
Col Muammar Gaddafi and Muttasim, 34, were laid out on garish Chinese-made blankets in refrigerated meat containers a few miles apart in the port city of Misurata.
The rebel fighters who had cornered the Mad Dog in his birthplace and the son responsible for orchestrating dead-end resistance to the uprising, were euphoric. There were no qualms about how the Brother Leader died, only the gleam of happiness in the eyes of people who had liberated the country.
Hundreds queued around the whitewashed walls of the Tunisian Market on the outskirts of Misurata where Muammar Gaddafi was stretched out wearing only olive-green trousers. In the rush towards the storage shed, the low murmur of Allahu akbar (God is great) became a roar.
Inside, the crowd filed past in quick time. At once familiar but stripped of its tailored robes, the body of the colonel was, like the dictator in life, a shocking sight. The curly hair was thinner. Cast on one side, the puce face was dark and blotched. Clotted bullet wounds were visible, one in the head. The crowd moved as close as it could to the thin mattress but a pair of fatigued fighters with guns strapped on their shoulders pushed and pulled
Writing on the wall: the drain in which Col Gaddafi reportedly hid any stragglers through. Misurata fought a bitter battle to keep Gaddafi’s forces out after the February uprising, and survivors claimed vindication for its suffering.
“We were rats and now he is lying dead at our feet like a rat,” said Abdullah Saleh, a 24-year-old student who had lost one brother and had another lying paralysed in a German hospital as a result of the fighting. “How can we not be happy this day?”
Ten miles north, the metal door of a refrigeration unit, opened to The Telegraph last Friday, revealed Muttasim Gaddafi, who had already acquired the blue sheen and brittle look of a piece of meat. His torso was bare, showing two bullet wounds to his chest and neck.
The container sat behind a sandy berm in a depot that served as the distribution centre for food shipments for the rebel fighters. It was an ignominious place for a man who once wore Armani and
BUT WHERE IS SAIF?
THE whereabouts of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the only son of the late Libyan leader whose fate was unknown, remained a mystery last Friday despite authoritative claims that he had been captured and was in hospital.
Mohammed Alagy, the interim justice minister, said he had been seized trying to escape from Sirte and was in hospital in the city of Zlitan, west of Misurata. Press TV, an Iranian television station, claimed that he had lost an arm in the fighting, though it did not give a source for its information.
But other National Transitional Council officials, including Mohammed Shammam, the information minister, said they did not have a clear picture of where Saif al-Islam was.
According to another account, the London School of Economics alumnus was fleeing towards the Niger border in a convoy to join his brother Saadi, who has already taken refuge there.
danced with models at the Venice Film Festival. Anwar Salwan, the depot manager, compared the effect of the Gaddafi regime thus: “Libya was sweet until Gaddafi took over and turned it into rubbish.”
The sterility of the cold storage was disquieting. So, too, are the questions over how Muttasim Gaddafi ended up there. Video circulating in Misurata last Friday showed him after he was captured laughing and exchanging remarks with his captors while smoking a cigarette.
It is hard to imagine how he could have been killed in crossfire or trying to escape. The entry wounds suggest he was shot at close range. Mahmoud Jabril, the interim prime minister, rushed to Misurata. Pressed to respond to calls from the UN for an investigation into how the Gaddafis were killed, he said a post mortem examination report would be handed over and the bodies respectfully buried at the weekend. “We are cooperating fully with the International Criminal Court on how to proceed in international law,” he said.
In the event there were many witnesses to the surrender of father and son, if none to the moment of death. Imran Abushallah, 32, a nightwatchman who led troops into the drain, was back on the checkpoint outside his home on the road leading to the market where Col Gaddafi lay.
Every car that passed would slow down to cheer him. “Allahu akbar,” he chanted back. telegraph.co.uk/expat
October 26 - November 1 2011
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By Nick Allen THOUSANDS of protesters decrying corporate greed and inequality marched on Times Square in New York, leading to more than 80 arrests, as similar demonstrations were held across the United States and the world, with Italian rioters causing £885million worth of damage in Rome.
The Occupy Wall Street demonstrators moved north through Manhattan and held a rally for several hours in the square on Saturday night of last week. Estimates of the crowd ranged from 5,000 to 10,000 as they mixed with Broadway show-goers and tourists.
A police spokesman said arrests were made after protesters repeatedly ignored warnings to disperse. The demonstration was largely non-confrontational but two police officers were taken to hospital, including one with a head injury. Protesters chanting, “We got sold out, banks got bailed out”, and, “All day, all week, occupy Wall Street”, were faced by police, in riot gear and mounted, who tried to push them out of the square.
Anatoly Lapushner, shopping with his family in Times Square, said: “Why aren’t they marching on Washington and the politicians? Instead they go after the economic lifeblood of the city.”
Two dozen people were held for trespassing at a branch of Citibank. Around 1,000 people paraded to a Chase bank branch and some closed their accounts.
There were other demonstrations in dozens of places across the US, ranging in size from about 50 people in Jackson, Mississippi, to thousands in larger cities. An estimated 5,000 marched in Los Angeles and gathered peacefully outside City Hall. There were protests in Pittsburgh, Washington, Boston and Miami.
In Chicago, police arrested 175 protesters in Grant Park,
Protesters in Times Square, New York, and camping outside St Paul’s, London, right
SLOGAN THAT SPEAKS FOR THE ‘SILENT MAJORITY’
BANNERS carried by protesters carried the slogan: “We are the 99 per cent.” It is a message that has appeared on placards and T-shirts across the world as anti-capitalist protests spread.
The slogan is a reference to the protesters’ belief that the richest one per cent of society hold all the cards, while the rest struggle against unemployment and debt.
As the We Are The 99 Per Cent website explains: “They are the one per cent. They are the banks,
the mortgage industry, the insurance industry. They need help and get bailed out and are praised as job creators. We need help and get nothing.” It ends: “We are the 99 per cent. We are everyone else. And we will no longer be silent.”
The global movement has its roots in a Canadian magazine called Adbusters. Early this year, the anti-consumerist publication ran an editorial calling for a “popular uprising in the West” to protest against corporate greed.
where they had set up camp with tents and sleeping bags. Police said they gave protesters repeated warnings that the park closed at 11pm. The group had previously been protesting outside the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago building for 23 days.
Several dozen people were detained that night in Phoenix, Arizona. About 1,000 people rallied in Denver, Colorado and at least 24 were arrested.
The US protests came at the end of a “global day of action” against the world’s financial system. Demonstrations in cities around the world were largely peaceful apart from in Rome, where masked rioters set fire to cars, attacked banks and threw missiles.
In the US, the Occupy Wall Street protests were entering their fifth week, with demonstrators voicing their anger at the billions of dollars used to bail out the banks during the recession. They argue that banks have been allowed to resume earning huge profits while average Americans have had no relief from high unemployment and job insecurity.
Protesters, who refer to themselves as the “99 per cent”, also claim that the richest 1 per cent of Americans do not pay their fair share in taxes. However, critics have accused the group of not having a clear message or defined leadership.
Rome’s mayor, Gianni Alemanno, said rioters had caused £885million of damage and called them “animals” after some stormed into a church, tore a crucifix from the wall and smashed a statue of the Virgin Mary.
William Hague, the Foreign Secretary, said: “It is true that a lot of things have to be faced up to in the Western world and there have been too many debts built up by states, and clearly in the banking system a lot has gone wrong. However, protest won’t be the answer to that. The answer is for governments to control their debts and deficits.”
By Jon Swaine in New York THE biggest financial backer of the Occupy Wall Street protests is a former “superstar” oil trader who earned up to $15million (£9.5million) a year and supports the Republican party, it has emerged.
Robert Halper donated $20,000 to the founders of the anti-capitalist demonstration, which has spawned offshoots across the world and entered its second month in Manhattan last week.
Mr Halper, who spent two decades trading commodities
Robert Halper: he donated by cheque to ‘Adbusters’ magazine, a moving force behind the protests futures on Wall Street, has also given $2,500 to Mitt Romney, the Republican presidential front-runner and former Massachusetts governor. “I made a lot of money, things just worked out for me,” said Mr Halper, 52, who was until recently one of the world’s best-paid traders. “There’s some issues where we’re all in it together.
“If there’s pain, it should be shared,” he told The New York Times. “The people who have money — they should pay something more, whether in taxes or somewhere else.”
Mr Halper, known as Bobby, has lived in a multi-milliondollar apartment overlooking Central Park in Manhattan with his wife Leslie and their children since the 1990s. He graduated in economics from the State University of New York and began trading heating oil on the New York
Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) in 1983. He started HPR Commodities, an oil trading firm, and went on to become vice-chairman of NYMEX in 2006.
That year he was named a “superstar of the investment world” by Trader Monthly magazine, which estimated he “helped himself” to $1015million in profits in 2005.
Mr Halper gave his donation to Kalle Lasn, the editor of Adbusters, an anticonsumerist magazine that led calls for a protest demonstration on Wall Street earlier this year.
By Richard Alleyne, James Hall and Lucy Burton IT SEEMED a gesture of Christian tolerance when a clergyman at St Paul’s Cathedral told police to allow anti-capitalist protesters camped outside to continue their demonstration last week.
But the alliance appeared to be faltering by the weekend, when St Paul’s closed for the first time since the Blitz, claiming it had no choice because of the dangers posed by the growing numbers on its doorstep. With 250 people living in the London churchyard, the “unprecedented” decision, which will cost the church £23,000 a day, was announced by the dean, the Rt Rev Graeme Knowles.
Although he supported the protesters’ right to be heard, he said, he now asked that they leave. The decision was met with criticism from both sides. Protesters described the decision as a “shame” and voted to ignore the plea.
The dean said it had been made after discussions by the cathedral chapter, its governing body.
He said that as the camp had grown it posed a risk of fire and harm to thousands of tourists and worshippers who visit Sir Christopher Wren’s 17th century masterpiece every day.
“The decision to close St Paul’s Cathedral is unprecedented in modern times,” Mr Knowles told a press conference.
“We have done this with a very heavy heart, but it is simply not possible to fulfil our day-to-day obligations to worshippers, visitors and pilgrims.”
The last time St Paul’s closed for a significant period was for four days in September 1940 when an unexploded bomb was found near the south-west tower.
Activists have been within its precincts since Sunday of last week when the Rev Giles Fraser, its canon chancellor, spoke out in support of their right to protest. The cathedral and protesters worked together to set up lavatories and clean-up teams.
But visitor numbers halved and the restaurant, one of the cathedral’s biggest earners, had to be closed. Many parishioners and City workers felt threatened by the growing “occupation”, it was said. The dean said he had no regrets over the earlier tacit support for the camp.
Rev Fraser said on Twitter: “I’m really sad the cathedral had to close. But we really had no choice.”
A protesters’ meeting agreed to ignore the dean’s plea. One protester said: “Where would Jesus be if he were here today? Inside worrying about revenue from tourists? Or outside in the cold with us?”
Trevor Jones, 40, a pilot from Uxbridge, west London, emerging from a service, said: “I think that the Church was very good to let them stay but enough is enough.”
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