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October 26 - November 1 2011
μWorld News PAGES 14-17
μComment PAGES 18-21
μObituaries PAGES 22-23
μExpat Life PAGES 30-32
‘Spy’ who loved MP Russian ‘honeytrap’ girl had a four-year affair with Lib Dem
WORLD NEWS P15
Hit-and-run toddler left to die China shocked by CCTV footage of injured girl ignored in the street
Attenborough on ice The BBC’s wildlife guru goes to the poles for his latest series
George Clooney’s new thriller The star and director explains why he had to make his film now
14 13 18 32 34 49 20 27 28 34 43 44
Bonus Ball 20
Bonus Ball 1
There was one winner of Saturday’s £4.6m jackpot and one winner of Wednesday’s £2.6m prize
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By Murray Wardrop THE most comprehensive independent review of historical weather records to date indicates that temperatures have risen since the 19th century.
The Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature project compiled more than a billion temperature readings from weather stations around the world and found the average global land temperature has risen by around 1C since the mid-1950s.
The research was commissioned in the wake of the University of East Anglia (UEA) “climategate” scandal, to resolve the dispute over the validity of scientists’ previous findings of global warming.
However, the results are likely to disappoint some of the groups that helped to fund the project as they also support organisations that are lobbying against action on climate change.
The study produced a similar conclusion to research by major groups including Nasa and the Met Office, together with UEA, which was criticised over “climategate”.
The University of California review also found that several key factors that climatechange sceptics claimed skewed global-warming figures had no meaningful effect.
“My hope is that this will win over those people who are properly sceptical,” Richard Muller, a physicist and head of the project, said.
“Some people lump the properly sceptical in with the deniers and that makes it easy to dismiss them, because the deniers pay no attention to science. But there have been people out there who have raised legitimate issues.”
The project was established by Prof Muller to settle concerns that established teams of climate researchers had not been transparent with their data. The move came after the emails of UEA climate scientists were hacked, posted online and used by critics to allege manipulation of climatechange data.
Prof Muller gathered a team of 10 scientists, mostly physicists, including such luminaries as Saul Perlmutter, a winner of this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for research showing that the universe’s expansion is accelerating.
The Berkeley group says it has also found evidence that changing sea temperatures in the North Atlantic may be a reason why the Earth’s average temperature varies globally from year to year.
Funding came from a number of sources, including charitable foundations maintained by the Koch brothers, the billionaire US industrialists who have also donated large sums to organisations lobbying against the acceptance of man-made global warming. “I was deeply concerned that the group [at UEA] had concealed discordant data,” Prof Muller said.
“Science is best done when the problems with the analysis are candidly shared.”
The team also examined concerns over the so-called urban heat island effect, which causes higher temperature readings near cities and has been used by sceptics as evidence of data being skewed.
The Berkeley research found that the effect does not contribute significantly to average land temperature rises as a whole because urban areas make up less than 1 per cent of the Earth’s land area.
“We have looked at these issues in a straightforward, transparent way and, based on that, I would expect legitimate sceptics to feel their issues have been addressed,” Prof Muller said.
DEATH OF GADDAFI
By Damien McElroy in Misurata ONLY the frigid air of a cold storage unit united the dictator and his favourite son in death.
Col Muammar Gaddafi and Muttasim, 34, were laid out on garish Chinese-made blankets in refrigerated meat containers a few miles apart in the port city of Misurata.
The rebel fighters who had cornered the Mad Dog in his birthplace and the son responsible for orchestrating dead-end resistance to the uprising, were euphoric. There were no qualms about how the Brother Leader died, only the gleam of happiness in the eyes of people who had liberated the country.
Hundreds queued around the whitewashed walls of the Tunisian Market on the outskirts of Misurata where Muammar Gaddafi was stretched out wearing only olive-green trousers. In the rush towards the storage shed, the low murmur of Allahu akbar (God is great) became a roar.
Inside, the crowd filed past in quick time. At once familiar but stripped of its tailored robes, the body of the colonel was, like the dictator in life, a shocking sight. The curly hair was thinner. Cast on one side, the puce face was dark and blotched. Clotted bullet wounds were visible, one in the head. The crowd moved as close as it could to the thin mattress but a pair of fatigued fighters with guns strapped on their shoulders pushed and pulled
Writing on the wall: the drain in which Col Gaddafi reportedly hid any stragglers through. Misurata fought a bitter battle to keep Gaddafi’s forces out after the February uprising, and survivors claimed vindication for its suffering.
“We were rats and now he is lying dead at our feet like a rat,” said Abdullah Saleh, a 24-year-old student who had lost one brother and had another lying paralysed in a German hospital as a result of the fighting. “How can we not be happy this day?”
Ten miles north, the metal door of a refrigeration unit, opened to The Telegraph last Friday, revealed Muttasim Gaddafi, who had already acquired the blue sheen and brittle look of a piece of meat. His torso was bare, showing two bullet wounds to his chest and neck.
The container sat behind a sandy berm in a depot that served as the distribution centre for food shipments for the rebel fighters. It was an ignominious place for a man who once wore Armani and
BUT WHERE IS SAIF?
THE whereabouts of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the only son of the late Libyan leader whose fate was unknown, remained a mystery last Friday despite authoritative claims that he had been captured and was in hospital.
Mohammed Alagy, the interim justice minister, said he had been seized trying to escape from Sirte and was in hospital in the city of Zlitan, west of Misurata. Press TV, an Iranian television station, claimed that he had lost an arm in the fighting, though it did not give a source for its information.
But other National Transitional Council officials, including Mohammed Shammam, the information minister, said they did not have a clear picture of where Saif al-Islam was.
According to another account, the London School of Economics alumnus was fleeing towards the Niger border in a convoy to join his brother Saadi, who has already taken refuge there.
danced with models at the Venice Film Festival. Anwar Salwan, the depot manager, compared the effect of the Gaddafi regime thus: “Libya was sweet until Gaddafi took over and turned it into rubbish.”
The sterility of the cold storage was disquieting. So, too, are the questions over how Muttasim Gaddafi ended up there. Video circulating in Misurata last Friday showed him after he was captured laughing and exchanging remarks with his captors while smoking a cigarette.
It is hard to imagine how he could have been killed in crossfire or trying to escape. The entry wounds suggest he was shot at close range. Mahmoud Jabril, the interim prime minister, rushed to Misurata. Pressed to respond to calls from the UN for an investigation into how the Gaddafis were killed, he said a post mortem examination report would be handed over and the bodies respectfully buried at the weekend. “We are cooperating fully with the International Criminal Court on how to proceed in international law,” he said.
In the event there were many witnesses to the surrender of father and son, if none to the moment of death. Imran Abushallah, 32, a nightwatchman who led troops into the drain, was back on the checkpoint outside his home on the road leading to the market where Col Gaddafi lay.
Every car that passed would slow down to cheer him. “Allahu akbar,” he chanted back.